Smart Wheel Chair for Visually Impaired

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2014 by IJETT Journal
Volume-14 Number-1
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Dev Pratap Singh , Lovish Garg
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V14P204

MLA 

Dev Pratap Singh , Lovish Garg. "Smart Wheel Chair for Visually Impaired", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V14(1),13-19 Aug 2014. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

Abstract

The visually impaired persons suffer from lack of confidence, restricted mobility and dependence on others in their daily life. This paper proposes an embedded system design of a smart wheel chair aiming for visually impaired using high-end technical tools like AVR Studio, ATMEGA 16 Development Board (Atmel Corporation), proximity sensors and DTMF Decoder. The movement of wheelchair is controlled by cellular phones specifically designed for the visually challenged people (Toshiba, Huawei, Sens are companies that manufacture such specific mobiles). In this paper existing designs of wheel chair are also discussed. In addition to being user-friendly, the proposed design also provides a high degree of mobility and defence against obstacles for the visually impaired. Further the design is also tested using Printed Circuit Board (PCB) and the results obtained are in perfect accordance with the expectations. This proposed smart chair design outperforms the existing designs in terms of obstacle avoidance and technology.

References

[1] Adeeb, A., Ali, M. & Khan M. T., Design and Simulation of Three Phase Variable Frequency Drive using Atmega16, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 4(11),2013, 1666-1668.
[2] Aruna, K., Ramsagar, A.S. & Venkateswarlu, G., Mobile Operated Landrover Using Dtmf Decoder, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), 3(2), 2013, 898-902.
[3] Barea R., Boquete L., Bergasa L.M., López E., Mazo M., Electro-Oculographic Guidance of a Wheelchair Using Eye Movements Codification, The International Journal of Robotics Research, 22(7),2003, 8641-652..
[4] Boucher, P., Atrash, A., Kelouwani, S., Honoré, W., Nguyen, H., Villemure, J., Routhier, F., Cohen, P., Demers, L., Forget, R. & Pineau, J., Design and validation of an intelligent wheelchair towards a clinically-functional outcome, Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 10(1), 2013, 58.
[5] Chowdhury, M. N. & Hossain, M. K., M2M: GSM Network for Robots using DTMF, Global Journal of Researches in Engineering, 13(10), Version 1.0 , ISSN: 2249-4596,2013, 22-29.
[6] Croon, G. C. H. E. D., Weerdt, E. D., Wagter, C. D., Remes, B. D. W. & Ruijsink, R., The Appearance Variation Cue for Obstacle Avoidance, IEEE Transactions On Robotics, 28(2), 2012, 529-534.
[7] Dardanelli, A., Maggi, F., Tanelli, M., Zanero, S., Savaresi, S. M., Kochanek, R. & Holz, T. A, Security Layer for Smartphone-to-Vehicle Communication Over Bluetooth, IEEE Embedded Systems Letters, 5(3), 2013, 34-37.
[8] Dobhal, P., Bisht, N.S., Singh, R., Singh,B. & Murari, S., Smart wheel chair for physically handicapped people using tilt sensor and IEEE 802.15.4 standard protocol, Conference on Advances in Communication and Control Systems 2013 (CAC2S 2013), 420-424.
[9] Fareh R, Saad M, Saad M., Workspace distributed real-time control of rigid manipulators, Journal of Vibration and Control, 20, 2014, 535-547.
[10] Gupta, S. D., Ochi, A. R., Hossain, M. S. & Siddique, N. A., Design & Implementation of Mobile Operated Toy Car By DTMF, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(1), 2013, 1-7.
[11] Lacey G., MacNamara S., Context-Aware Shared Control of a Robot Mobility Aid for the Elderly Blind, The International Journal of Robotics Research, 19(11), 2000, 1054-1065.
[12] Li YF., A Sensor Based-Robot Transition Control Strategy, The International Journal of Robotics Research, 15, 1996, 128-136.
[13] Martins G, Moses A, Rutherford MJ, et al., Enabling intelligent unmanned vehicles through XMOS Technology, The Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology, 9, 2012, 71-82.
[14] McEachern WA., Sensor Based Modification of Manipulator Trajectories for Applications in Rehabilitation Robotics. Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control, 17, 1995, 272-280.
[15] Mghawish A. J. A, A Practical Approach For Mobile-Based Remote Control, European Scientific Journal, 9(18), 2013, 194-201.
[16] Morales R., Feliu V., González A., Pintado P., Kinematic Model of a New Staircase Climbing Wheelchair and its Experimental Validation, The International Journal of Robotics Research , 25(9), 2006, 825-841.
[17] Nguyen, A. V., Nguyen, L. B., Su S. & Nguyen, H. T., Shared control strategies for human - Machine interface in an intelligent wheelchair, Conference proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 07/2013, 2013:3638-3641.
[18] Osman, M., Sultana, R. & Sulthana, S., Enhancement of Public Transportation Services Using Wireless Technologies, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 6(7), 2013, 344-348.
[19] Pal, S. & Tripathy, N. S., Remote Position Control System of Stepper Motor Using DTMF Technology, International Journal of Control and Automation, 4(2), 2011, 35-42.
[20] Parikh, S. P., Grassi, V., Kumar, R. V. & Okamoto, J., Integrating Human Inputs with Autonomous Behaviors on an Intelligent Wheelchair, Platform Departmental Papers (MEAM), 4-1-2007, 33-41.
[21] Phanindra, V. N. & Ram, B. S., Wireless Remote Control Car Based on ARM7, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 5(5), 2013, 221-225.
[22] Posugade, V. G., Shedge, K. K. & Tikhe, C. S., Touch-Screen Based Wheelchair System, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), 2(2), 2012, 1245-1248.
[23] Prabitha, D. K., Murthy C., Kurian M. V & M. Z., Speech Recognizing Powered Wheelchair for Disabled., International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (ICEECS-2012), May 12th, 2012, ISBN Number : 978-93-81693-58-2
[24] Pradeep, M. & Goud, K. N., Damage Detection of Railway Track by Sensor Using Advanced RISC Machine, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) , 6(1), 2013, 16-20.
[25] Prassler E., Scholz J., Fiorini P., Navigating a Robotic Wheelchair in a Railway Station during Rush Hour, The International Journal of Robotics Research, 18(7), 1999, 711-727.
[26] Prathyusha, M., Roy, K. S. & Shaik, M. A., Voice and Touch Screen Based Direction and Speed Control of Wheel Chair for Physically Challenged Using Arduino, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 4(4), 2013, 1242-1244.
[27] Puneet, Singh, D. N., Singh, B. R., Singh, B. & Murari, S., Smart wheel chair for physically handicapped people using tilt sensor and IEEE 802.15.4 standard protocol, Conference on Advances in Communication and Control Systems 2013 (CAC2S 2013).
[28] Simpson, R. C., Smart wheelchairs: A literature review, Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development(JRRD), 42(4), 2005, 423-438.
[29] Soufi, A. A. & Alzubaidi, A. J., Remote Control System through Mobile and DTMF, International Journal of Computational Engineering Research, 3(8), Issn 2250-3005, 2013, 45-52.
[30] Thakur, G., Chauhan, A. & Chauhan, A., Dtmf Remote Appliance Control System Using Mobile Phone, Indian Journal Of Applied Research, 3(10), 2013, 1-3.
[31] Turner JD, Austin L., A review of current sensor technologies and applications within automotive and traffic control systems, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D. Journal of Automobile Engineering, 214(6), 2000, 589-614.
[32] Wamper C., Multiprocessor Control of a Telemanipulator with Optical Proximity Sensors, The International Journal of Robotics Research,volume 3, 1984, 40-50.
[33] Cezary Kownacki, Successful application of miniature laser rangefinders in obstacle avoidance method for fixed wing mav, International Journal of Robotics and Automation, 28(3), 2013, Issn:0826-8185.
[34] S. Garrido, L. Moreno, M. Abderrahim, and D. Blanco, FM 2:A real time sensor based feedback controller for mobile robots, International Journal of Robotics and Automation, 24(1), 2009, Issn:0826-8185.
[35] Yin-Tien Wang and Yu-Cheng Chen, Multiple-Obstacle Avoidance in role assignment of formation control, International Journal of Robotics and Automation,27(2), 2012, Issn:0826-8185.

Keywords
Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF), Cellular Phone, ATMEGA 16 Development Board (Atmel), Proximity Sensor, AVR Studio