Effect of Reaction Temperature on the Biodiesel Yield from Waste cooking Oil and chicken fat

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2017 by IJETT Journal
Volume-44 Number-4
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Ribwar Kermanj Abdulrahman
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V44P237

MLA 

Ribwar Kermanj Abdulrahman "Effect of Reaction Temperature on the Biodiesel Yield from Waste cooking Oil and chicken fat", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V44(4),186-188 February 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

Abstract
The global demand for energy sources have been significantly increased recently. Indeed, several hydrocarbon reservoirs have been depleted in the world. Moreover, the using of fossil fuels such as natural gas and crude oil are contributed in global worming phenomenon that emitted several gases such as, carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide to the atmosphere. As a result, the researchers are investigating in producing an alternative friendly fuel that meet the global environmental legislation for example, bio fuel, solar and wind energy. Indeed, biodiesel may consider one of the most obvious alternative sustainable fuels that may be produced from vegetable oil and fats. Therefore, this study is attempted to study the effect of reaction temperature on the biodiesel Yield from waste cooking oil and chicken fat that has been produced in a previous study[1]. The study has adopted several transesterification reaction temperature for instance, 40°C, 55°C and 60°C. The study has found that the reaction temperature is a quite important factor in increasing the biodiesel yield and 60°C may be considered the optimal temperature for the transesterification reaction.

 References

[1] Abdulrahman, R. (2017) ‘Sustainable Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil and Chicken Fat as an Alternative Fuel for Diesel Engine’, European Scientific Journal. 13 (3), pp. 235-240.
[2] Pandey, A (2008). Handbook of Plant-Based Biofuels. New York: CRC Press.
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[6] Alptekin, E. & Canakci, M. (2010) ‘Optimization of pretreatment reaction for methyl ester production from chicken fat’, Fuel. 89 (1), PP. 4035–4039.
[7] Nuhu, S. and Kovo, A. (2015) ‘Production and Characterization of Biodiesel from Chicken Fat’, Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science 5(1), PP. 24-26.
[8] Thawatchai, A., Sibudjing, B., Yanjun, C. and Wang, C. (2016) ‘Sustainable biodiesel production via transesterification of waste cooking oil by using CaO catalysts prepared from chicken manure’, Energy Conversion and Management. 123 (1), PP. 487–497.

Keywords
Biodiesel, reaction temperature, sustainable fuels.