Examining Concrete Properties using Coconut Fiber Ash and Fly Ash as Partial Replacement for Cement

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2017 by IJETT Journal
Volume-46 Number-5
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Peresia Blapoh Wungko, K.Bindumathi
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V46P241

MLA 

Peresia Blapoh Wungko, K.Bindumathi "Examining Concrete Properties using Coconut Fiber Ash and Fly Ash as Partial Replacement for Cement", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V46(5),238-243 April 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

Abstract
Concrete is a composition of cement, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and water which makes it a composite material. Fly ash which is a waste material is used as a supplementary cementitious material in the production of Portland cement and when added to concrete, it gives good workability, greater strength, decreases permeability and increases durability. Coconut fiber is an agricultural waste which can be burned into ash and when added to concrete as a partial replacement of cement, it has great potentials. The aim of this project work is to investigate concrete properties using coconut fiber ash and fly ash as partial replacement for cement in regards to the compressive strength which is investigated for 3,7, 28,56 and 90 days. Since concrete is weak in tension due to its brittle nature, it is necessary to conduct the split tensile strength test. Durability test which is an important factor to prove a concrete ability to resist weather action, chemical attack, and abrasion while maintaining its desired engineering properties is also investigated in this project work. In this project work, mix proportion of M40 grade of concrete was used for 8 mixes in accordance with IS 456: 2000 and IS 10262: 2009. These mixes were an inclusion of separate mixes of conventional concrete as well as different percentages of coconut fiber ash and fly ash as a partial replacement for cement of which the various results obtained for the partial mixes strength will be compared to the strength of the conventional concrete. The addition of coconut fiber ash ranges from 20% to 40 % and fly ash ranges from 10% to 25%. Nowadays, regular materials used for construction are very expensive and unaffordable by many lower income people, thereby unaware of the usages of some waste materials which can be partially replaced as construction material and at the same time reducing cost. Sensitization is to be created in the usage of those waste materials such as coconut fiber ash as a construction material which is also an objective of this project work.

 References

[1] M. S Shetty, Concrete Technology Theory and Practice, Published By S. Chand And Company, Ram Nagar, New Dehli.
[2] Muntadher Ali Challob, Vikas Srivastava, “Effect of Fly Ash and Steel Fibre on Portland Pozzolana Cement Concrete”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) – volume 5 number 3 - Nov 2013.
[3] Sanjay Sen, Rajiv chandak , “A study of coconut fiber ash in concrete”, international journal of engineering trends in engineering and development, Issue 5, vol.2, Feb. 2015
[4] Olan L. Racaza and Ruel R. cabahug, “Young Coconut Husk Ash as partial cement replacement in masonry application”, Mindanao journal of science and technology vol. 14, Oct. 2016.
[5] Abhishek Sachdeva, Gobind Khurana, “Effect of cement and fine aggregate
[6] replacement with Alccofine and Bottom ash [7] on mechanical properties of concrete”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) – Volume 32 Number 4- February 2016
[8] D.M. Parbhane, S.B. Shinde,”Strength properties of coir fiber concrete”, international journal of civil engineering and technology (IJCIET), Feb. 2014.
[9] Saravana Raja Mohan K, P.Jayabalan and A. Rajarama, “Properties of fly ash based coconut fiber ash composite”, American Journal of Engineering and applied sciences, 2012.
[10] R. Bayuaji, R. W. Kurniawan, A. K Yasin, H. AT Fatoni and F. M. A. Lutfi, “The effect of fly ash and coconut fiber ash as cement replacements on materials on cement paste strength” 2014.
[11] Anthony Nkem Ede, Joshua olaoluwa Agbede, “Use of coconut husk fiber ash for improved compressive and flexural strength of concrete”, International Journal of scientific and Engineering Research, Vol 6, Issue 2, Feb. 2015
[12] Sourav Ghosal, S. Moulik, “Use of rice Husk as fiber replacement with cement in concrete in concrete”, International Journal of Engineering Research vol 4, Issue no. 9, pp: 506 – 509, Sept. 1, 2015.
[13] Utsev, J. T and Taku J. K, “Coconut shell ash as partial replacement of ordinary Portland cement in concrete production”, International Journal of Scientific and Technology research Volume 1, Issue 8, September 2012.
[14] Meenakshi Kolhare and S, A Bhalchandra, “Effect of coconut fiber on compressive strength of fly ash concrete M40 grade”, Proceedings of IRF – ieeeforum International Conference, 2016.
[15] Riky Wahyu Kurniawan , Ekky Hardiyanto and Amir Al Faroqi, “Environmentally friendly material: Coconut husk ash and fly ash as supplementary cementitious material”, Fourth Asain Academic Society International Conference (AASIC), 2016.
[16] Anju Mary Ealias, Rajeena A P, Sivaduut S, “Improvement Of Strength Of Concrete With Partial Replacement Of Coarse Aggregate With Coconut Shell And Coir Fibers”, ISOR Journal Of Mechanical And Civil Engineering(ISOR- JMCE), VOLUME 11, Issue3 Ver. II (May- June 2014), PP 16- 24, 2014
[17] Mohd Khawaja Hussain, “A Study On Strength of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement with Fly Ash In Addition with Steel Fiber and Coconut Fiber”, International Journal Of Engineering Sciences And Research Technology, June. 2015
[18] Ms. Y. S. Parvathi, “A Study On Strength Of Concrete By Partial Replacement Of Cement With Fly Ash (F) And Adding Admixture As Coconut Fibers”, International Journal For Innovative Research In Science And Technology, Volume 3, Issue 06, Nov. 2016
[19] Bhupendra Kumar, “Effect of Coconut Fiber and Fly Ash on Concrete”, International Journal of In Science and Technology, Volume 2, Issue 3, Sept. 2015
[20] T.S. Thandavamoorthy, “Durability Of Concrete In Which Fine Aggregate Is Soil”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) Volume: 02, Issue: 03, June. 2015.

Keywords
concrete, coconut fiber ash, workability, durability, fly ash, compressive strength, split tensile strength.