Selection of an Efficient Method of Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil Based on Fuel Properties

  ijett-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2013 by IJETT Journal
Volume-4 Issue-8                      
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors : Abdullah Al Mamun , Shaila Siddiqua , Sheikh Md. Enayetul Babar

MLA 

Abdullah Al Mamun , Shaila Siddiqua , Sheikh Md. Enayetul Babar. "Selection of an Efficient Method of Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil Based on Fuel Properties". International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT). V4(8):3289-3293 Jul 2013. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group.

Abstract

Biodiesel has become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engines consisting of the alkyl monoesters of fatty acids from vegetable oils or animal fats. Currently most of the biodiesel is made from vegetable oil, methanol, and an alkaline catalyst. In this study, three different methods were modified and used to extract biodiesel from four different sources e.g. soybean oil ( Glycine max ), sesame oil ( Sesamum orientale ), palm oil ( Elaeis guineensis ) and mustard oil ( Brassica nigra ). The objective of this study was to establish an efficient method from three modified methods by comparing the fuel properties (kinematic viscosity, flashpoint, calorific value and density) of extracted biodiesel from those methods . It was found that fuel properties of biodiesel produced by modified method 1 were better than biodiesel produced by modified method 2 and 3.

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Keywords
Biodiesel, Vegetable oil, Kinematic viscosity, Density, Calorific value , Flash point.