Use of Coir Fiber And Wheat Husk Ash To Improve the Characteristics of Clayey Soil

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2019 by IJETT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-10
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Ishtiaq Ahmed, Anoop Sharma
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V67I10P216

MLA 

MLA Style: Ishtiaq Ahmed, Anoop Sharma  "Use of Coir Fiber And Wheat Husk Ash To Improve the Characteristics of Clayey Soil" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 67.10 (2019):85-89.

APA Style: Ishtiaq Ahmed, Anoop Sharma. Use of Coir Fiber And Wheat Husk Ash To Improve the Characteristics of Clayey Soil International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 67(10),85-89.

Abstract
Soil is the origin of everything. As we know everything is dependent on nature, and as a civil engineer we know that soil plays a vital role in construction. When we erect any structure over the soil, firstly we check the behavior and attribute of soil that how much strength is present in the soil so that it can bear structure load which will be erected over this soil. There are several types of soil which have different- different qualities, some soils have greater strength and some have lower, if the strength of soil is lower than our requirement then we constrained to increase the strength of the soil as per our structure requirement. In this research paper we performed various test on soil to know its properties or strength by using agricultural waste material such as wheat husk ash (WHA) as a stabilized material in soil with varying percentages 4%, 8%, 12%,16%. Use of Coconut Coir Fiber for improving soil property is advantageous because they are cheap, locally available and eco-friendly. In this study, the stabilizing effect of Coir Fiber on soil properties has been Experimental studied. Keeping this in view an experimental study is conducted on locally available i.e. expansive soil mixed with varying percentage of Coconut Coir Fiber. Soil samples for California bearing ratio (CBR) tests and UCS are prepared at its maximum dry density (MDD) corresponding to its optimum moisture content (OMC in the CBR mould and UCS sampler without and with Coconut Coir Fiber. The percentage of Coconut Coir Fiber by dry weight of soil is taken as 1%, 1.5%, 2% and 2.5% and corresponding to each Coconut Coir Fiber content soaked CBR tests and UCS tests are conducted in the laboratory. Tests result indicates that soaked CBR and UCS value of soil increases with the increase in Coconut Coir Fiber content. Adding of Coconut Coir Fiber and Wheat Husk Ash results in less thickness of pavement due to increase in CBR of mix and reduce the cost of construction and hence economy of the construction of highway will be achieved. This is because of composite effect of Coconut Coir Fiber and Wheat Husk Ash changes the brittle behaviour of the soil to ductile behaviour.

Reference

[1] All paArvind Kumar., Baljit Singh Walia(2007), “Influence of Fly Ash, Lime, and Polyester Fibers on Compaction and Strength Properties of Expansive Soil”, Journal of Material in Civil Engineering, Vol 19, pp 242-248, ASCE.
[2] H.N. Ramesh ., K.V. Manoj Krishna and H.V.Mamatha (2011), “Strength Performance of Lime and Sodium Hydroxide Treated-Coir Fiber Reinforced Soil”, Indian Geotechnical Conference, Vol J- 31, pp 523-525.
[3] K.R. Manjunath(2013), “ Effect Of Random Inclusion Of Sisal Fiber On Strength Behavior Of BlackCotton Soil”. (IJERT), ISSN 2278-0181 vol.2 issue 7.
[4] A.L. Savitha(2013), “conducted compaction tests and UCS tests on Black Cotton soil using coarse and fine fly ash”.
[5] Himanshu Gupta (2017), “an experimental study of Natural Soil Subgrade Stabilized with Wheat Husk Ash And Polypropylene”(IJRASET), ISSN 2321-9653 vol.5 issue 12.
[6] N.J. Shamle, C.J. Dados, S.E. Iwoh, J.G. Nangbes and A.U Awode“Comparative Assessment of the Yields of Silica from Husk Ashes of Digitariaexilis (acha), wheat and rice” Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) January 2014, e-ISSN: 2278-5736.Volume 7, Issue 7 Ver. III. , PP 01-04, DOI: 10.9790/5736-07730104.
[7] S. Manimaran, Gayathiri .K, Sinduja.R, Vengadesh.S“Role of Additives in Expansive Soil to Improve Stabilization Performance Using Biomass Silica” International Journal for Scientific Research & Development,2015,Vol. 3, Issue 04,ISSN 2321-0613.
[8] Mr. Santosh, Prof. Vishwanath C.S. “Stabilization of Expansive Soil by using Wheat Husk Ash and Granulated Blast Furnace Slag” International Journal for Scientific Research & Development,2015, Vol. 3, Issue 04,ISSN (online): 2321-0613.
[9] Jiguang Zhang, Guodong Bo , Zhongfeng Zhang, Fanyu Kong, Yi Wang and GuomingShen “Effects of Straw Incorporation on Soil Nutrients, Enzymes, and Aggregate Stability in Tobacco Fields of China” Sustainability,2016, 710; doi:10.3390/su8080710.

Keywords
clayey soil, wheat hush ash and coir fiber