An Energy Efficiency Routing Protocol for Improving Lifetime of Wide Area Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2014 by IJETT Journal
Volume-11 Number-2                          
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Nilesh Kumar , Mamta Katiyar


Nilesh Kumar , Mamta Katiyar. "An Energy Efficiency Routing Protocol for Improving Lifetime of Wide Area Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V11(2),105-110 May 2014. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group


The key challenge in wireless sensor network protocol designs is to provide energy efficient communication, as most of the nodes in sensor networks have limited battery power and it is not feasible to recharge or replace the batteries. There are so many levels of power consumption in sensor networks like as: idle listening, retransmissions resulting from collisions, control packet overhead, unnecessarily high transmitting power and sub-optimal utilization of the available resources. By definition, sensor nodes are deployed in an ad hoc fashion, with individual nodes remaining largely inactive for long periods of time. In order to minimize power consumed during idle listening, some nodes, which can be considered redundant, can be put to sleep. Therefore, the energy of the nodes and the network needs to be conserved. The idea is sensor nodes dynamically create on-off schedules such that the nodes will be awake only when they are needed. This also limits the collisions; therefore, the energy consumed during retransmissions can be saved. Although, it seems best way to limit consumed energy and the main consideration should be energy efficiency, the other Quality of Service (QoS) issues have to be considered. The key design considerations for duty cycle control protocol design are scheduling and routing. The research through this paper will be focused on routing protocol for modern high speed integrated wireless sensor networks [3,4].


1) Pantazis, N. A., Nikolidakis, S. A. and Vergados, D. D. “Energy-Efficient Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey”, Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE, Vol. 15, Issue. 2, pp. 551 – 591, 2013.
2) Karakus, C., Gurbuz, A. C. and Tavli, B., “Analysis of Energy Efficiency of Compressive Sensing in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Sensors Journal, IEEE, Vol. 13, Issue. 5, May 2013, pp. 1999 – 2008, 2013.
3) Anitha, R. U., Kamalakkannan, P., Dharam V., Agarwal S. K. and Imam S. A., “Traffic based energy consumption analysis and improve the lifetime and performance of MAC protocols in ad hoc wireless sensor networks”, 2013 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI), 4-6 Jan. 2013, Coimbatore, pp. 1 – 5, 2013.
4) Stefanos A. Nikolidakis, Dionisis Kandris, Dimitrios D. Vergados and Christos Douligeris, “Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Through Balanced Clustering”, Algorithms 2013, Vol. 6(1), pp. 29-42.
5) Amit Sharma, Kshitij Shinghal, Neelam Srivastava and Raghuvir Singh, “Energy Management for Wireless Sensor Network Nodes”, International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Vol. 1, Mar 2011.
6) Parul Kansal, Deepali Kansal and Arun Balodi, “Compression of Various Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887), Vol. 5(11), August 2010.
7) A. K. Dwivedi and O. P. Vyas, “Network Layer Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Existing Classifications and Design Challenges”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Vol. 8 (12), October 2010.
8) Kun Zhang and Cong Wang, “A Secure Routing Protocol for Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Networks Using Group Key Management,” IEEE Xplore, Vol. 37, pp. 178-185, Jan 2008.
9) Bolian Yin, Hongchi Shi, and Yi Shang, “Analysis of Energy Consumption in Clustered Wireless Sensor Networks” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Vol. 3, pp. 272–285, July 2007.
10) J. H. Abawajy, S. Nahavandi and F. Al-Neyadi, “Sensor Node Activity Scheduling Approach,” in IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering (MUE`07), 2007.
11) Ioan Raicu,”Routing Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE Wireless Communications, Vol.46, pp.110-119, Sept.2002.
12) Naveen Kumar and Mrs. Jasbir Kaur, “Improved LEACH Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks”, in IEEE Aerospace Conference, March 2002.
13) M. Ibrahim Channa and Irum Memon, “Real Time Traffic Support in Wireless Sensor Networks” IEEE Comm. Magazine, pp.119-133, June 2001.
14) Kay Romer and Friedemann Mattern, Eth Zurich,”The design space of wireless sensor network”, CACM, vol. 43, pp. 74–82, Mar. 2000.
15) Zhao Yulan and Jiang Chunfeng, “Research about Improvement of LEACH Protocol: an Energy Efficient Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network”, Application Research of Computers, Vol.2, pp: 209-211, Jan. 2005.
16) R. Jurdak, P. Baldi and C. V. Loopes, “Energy-Aware Adaptive Low Power Listening for Sensor Networks,” In proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Networked Sensing Systems, San Diego, CA June 2005.
17) J. Greunen, D. Petrovic, A. Bonivento, J. Rabaey, K. Ramchandran, A. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, “Adaptive Sleep Discipline for Energy Conservation and Robustness in Dense Sensor Networks”, IEEE.

Wireless sensor network, Routing protocol, energy efficient. Life time.