Effects of Cerium Oxide Nano Particles Addition in Diesel and Bio Diesel on the Performance and Emission Analysis of CI Engine

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2015 by IJETT Journal
Volume-19 Number-1
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : K.Srinivasa Rao, B.L.V.S.Gupta, K.Mallikarjuna Rao, G.Sambasiva Rao
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V19P209

MLA 

K.Srinivasa Rao, B.L.V.S.Gupta, K.Mallikarjuna Rao, G.Sambasiva Rao "Effects of Cerium Oxide Nano Particles Addition in Diesel and Bio Diesel on the Performance and Emission Analysis of CI Engine", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V19(1),39-43 Jan 2015. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

Abstract

An experimental investigation is carried out to establish the performance and emission characteristics of a compression ignition engine while using cerium oxide nanoparticles as additive in neat diesel and diesel-biodiesel. In the first phase of the experiments, stability of neat diesel and diesel-biodiesel blends with the addition of cerium oxide nanoparticles are analyzed. After series of experiments, it is found that the blends subjected to high speed blending followed by ultrasonic bath stabilization improves the stability. In the second phase, performance characteristics are studied using the stable fuel blends in a single cylinder four stroke engine. The cerium oxide acts as an oxygen donating catalyst and provides oxygen for the oxidation of CO or absorbs oxygen for the reduction of NOx. The activation energy of cerium oxide acts to burn off carbon deposits within the engine cylinder at the wall temperature and prevents the deposition of non-polar compounds on the cylinder wall results reduction in HC emissions. The tests revealed that cerium oxide nanoparticles can be used as additive in diesel and diesel-biodiesel to improve complete combustion of the fuel and reduce the exhaust emissions significantly.

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Keywords
Bio fuels, Cerium Oxide, engine performance and emissions.