Forward Osmosis Application in Treatment of Wastewater

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2016 by IJETT Journal
Volume-37 Number-4
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : Omkar Patil, Sameer U. Sayyad
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V37P240


Omkar Patil, Sameer U. Sayyad"Forward Osmosis Application in Treatment of Wastewater", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V37(4),233-239 July 2016. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group

Forward Osmosis is a new membrane separation technology, which is gaining widespread attention since the last few years. Recently, forward osmosis (FO) has attracted growing attention in many potential applications such as power generation, desalination, wastewater treatment and food processing. Drinking water is becoming an increasingly marginal resource. Substituting drinking water for alternate water sources, specifically for use in industrial processes, may alleviate the global water stress. FO has the potential to sustainably treat wastewater sources and produce high quality water. Forward Osmosis is a process which makes use of the osmotic pressure difference across a semi permeable membrane. Water flows from low concentration to high concentration. In this study, a laboratory scale model is prepared, which explained the process of Forward Osmosis. Further, a sample of synthetic wastewater is tested by using two different Draw Solutions, in varying concentrations of 1M, 2M etc. Each test is performed by keeping a constant duration of 4 days, as the FO process is a time consuming process. All the results are based on the tests carried out for duration of 4 days each. The results indicate that Forward Osmosis is a time consuming process. After conducting each test for a fixed duration of 4 days, it was found that the volume of the feed solution decreases by a considerable amount, and the draw solution gets diluted. The flux had a direct relationship with the concentration of the draw solution. As the concentration of the draw solution was increased, the flux is also found to increase.


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Forward Osmosis, Draw Solution, Membrane, Wastewater treatment.