Causes and Control Measu res on Project Execution Cost in the Construction Industry in the Tamale Metropolis
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2017 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Fusheini Mahamadu Dawuni, Seidu Yakubu
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V48P211|
Fusheini Mahamadu Dawuni, Seidu Yakubu "Causes and Control Measu res on Project Execution Cost in the Construction Industry in the Tamale Metropolis", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V48(2),64-69 June 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
This research looks at the sustainable construction project execution in Ghana and focuses on the influence of factors contributing to increase in projects execution cost, factors affecting project cost control, causes of materials waste generation on sites, materials waste generation effect on projects cost, and material cost reduction strategies in the building industry. The study employed stratified random sampling, simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques in selecting the respondents. The study found that the influential factors that cause increase in project cost are fluctuation in price of raw materials (3.13) and unforeseen site conditions (3.03). The results also showed that unsuitable construction equipment and methods (2.96), shortage of skilled labour (2.80), and poor contract management (2.76) are the challenges in controlling a project cost increased. Furthermore, the lack of regular clerk supervision (33.3%), theft of materials (30.0%) and inability of site supervisor to read and interpret working drawings (20.0%) are the causal factors of waste generation. The findings also indicate that cost waste prevention activities (2.80), conducting periodic brainstorming session on how to reduce waste (2.73) and post jobsite waste reduction plan in central locations (2.70) are the waste reduction strategies on construction site. Based on the findings of the study, it is recommended that project managers should adopt acceptable management tools and measures, apply project waste reduction strategies and project cost control measures to enhance on project efficiency.
1) Adetunji, I. et al. (2005). The barriers and possible solution to achieve sustainable development. IN: Proceedings of 2005 2nd Scottish conference for Postgraduate.
2) Ali, A.S. & Kamaruzzaman, S.N. (2010). Cost performance for building construction projects in Klang Valley, University of Malaya, Faculty of Built Environment Building Performance and Diagnostic Group.
3) Arpad, H. (2004). Construction Materials and the Environment, Annual Rev. Environ. Res., Vol. 29, 181-204.
4) Chandrakanthi, M. (2002). IEEE Xplore Conference: Simulation Conference, Proceedings of the Winter, Volume: 2.
5) Cousins, P.D. (2002). A conceptual model for managing long?term inter?organizational relationships. European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, Vol. 8(2), 71-82.
6) Ekanayake, L.L & Ofori, G. (2000). Construction material waste source evaluation. Proceedings of the 2nd Southern African Conference on Sustainable Development in the Built Environment: Strategies for a Sustainable Built Environment, Pretoria, 2000.
7) Faniran, O.O. & Caban, G. (1998). Minimizing waste on construction project sites. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 5(2), 182-188.
8) Formoso, C. T., Soibelman, L., De Cesare, C., & Isatto, E. L. (2002). Material waste in building industry: Main causes and prevention. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 128(4), 316-325.
9) Fred, M. & Janet A.K.R. (1976). The construction industry in the developing countries: Technology adaptation program. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.
10) Ganesan, S., (2000). Employment, technology and construction development. Ashgate Publishing Limited, England.
11) Muhwezi, L., Chamuriho, L.M. & Lema, N.M. (2012). An investigation into materials wastes on building construction projects in Kampala-Uganda. Scholarly Journal of Engineering Research, Vol. 1(1), 11-18.
12) Napier (2012). Suggests the following: ... minimizing waste where feasible; and reusing materials that might otherwise. Retrieved from: https://www.termpaperwarehouse.com/essay-on/Construction-Waste.../207359.
13) Pinto, J.K & Slevin, D.P. (1987). Critical factors in successful project implementation, IEEE.
14) Polat, G. & Ballard, G. (2012). Waste in Turkish construction: Need for lean construction techniques. University of California at Berkeley.
15) Project Management Institute. (2004). A guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK® guide) (3rd ed.). Newtown Square, PA: Project.
16) Puopiel, F. (2010). Solid waste management in Ghana: The case of Tamale Metropolitan Area. Master’s thesis, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana.
17) Skoyles, E.R. (1976). Material wastage: A misuse of resources. Building research and practice. Journal of Social Issues 32.
18) Soibelman, L. (2003). As perdas de materiais na construção de edificações: Sua incidência e controle. Porto Alegre, Brasil: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. (http://hdl.handle.net/10183/1701).
19) Urio, A. F., & Brent, A. C. (2006). Solid waste management strategy in Botswana: The reduction of construction waste. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering. 48(2), 18-22.
20) Wahab, A. B. & Lawal, A. F (2011). An evaluation of waste control measures in construction industry in Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 5(3), 246-254.
Construction, Cost Control, Materials, Strategies, Waste Management.