Manufacturing System: Flexibility Perspective

  ijett-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2013 by IJETT Journal
Volume-4 Issue-6                      
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors : Rajan Garg , Vineet Kumar


Rajan Garg , Vineet Kumar. "Manufacturing System: Flexibility Perspective". International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT). V4(6):2305-2312 Jun 2013. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group.


Manufacturing, Planning and Control systems are one of the key that determine development of modern production systems. The article presents the importance of flexibility factor in the process of manufacturing, planning & control systems development during the 20th century. Finally, actual problems and trends in production system design and control over the design were noticed and prob able directions of development of manufacturing systems in 21st century were indicated . Production planning & control are generally considered to be the one of the most significant issue in the planning and operation of a manufacturing system. Better plann ing system has significant impact on cost reduction, increased productivity, customer satisfaction and overall competitive advantage. In addition, recent customer demand for high variety products has contributed to an increase in product complexity that fu rther emphasizes the need for improved planning. Proficient planning leads to increase in capacity utilization efficiency and hence thereby reducing the time required to complete jobs and consequently increasing the profitability of an organization in pres ent competitive environment. There are different systems of manufacturing, planning & control including flow - shop in which jobs are to be processed through series of machines for optimizing number of required performance measures.


[1] DeGarmo, E.P., Black, J.T. and Kohser R.A. (1988). Materials and Processes for Manufacturing, 7th edn, MacMillan.
[2] Kalpakjian, S. (1995). Manufacturing Engineering and Technology , 3rd edn, Addison - Wesley.
[3] ICMA (1974). Terminology of Management and Financial Accounting , ICMA.
[4] Lucas Engineering and Systems (1992). Mini Guides – The Lucas Manufacturing Systems Engineering Handb ook , Lucas Engineering & Systems.
[5] Evans, J.R. (1996). Applied Production and Operations Management , 4th edn,West.
[6] Mair, G. (1993). Mastering Manufacturing , MacMillan.
[7] Cimorelli, S.C. and Chandler, G. (1996). Control of production and materials . In Handbook of Manufacturing Engineering (Walker, J.M., ed.), pp. 507 – 574, Marcel Dekker Inc.
[8] Hayes, R. and Wheelright, S.C. (1984). Restoring our Competitive Edge – Competing Through Manufacturing , Wiley.
[9] Sethi A.K., Sethi S.P. : Flexibility in Ma nufacturing: A survey. The In ternational Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems , Vol. 2, No. 4, 1990, 289 - 328.
[10] Fulkerson B.: A Response to Dynamic Change in the Market Place. Journal of Decision Support Systems, Vol. 21, Issue 3, 1997, 199 - 214.
[11] Koste L., Malhorta M.: A Theoretical Framework for Analyzing the Dimensions of Manufacturing Flexibility. Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 18, Issue 1, 1999, 75 - 92 .
[12] United States Patent: Reconfigurable Manufacturing System Having a Production Capacity Method for Designing Same And Method for Changing its Production Capacity, Patent No.: US 6 349 237 B1, Date of Patent: 19th of February 2002.
[13] Womack J.P., Jones D.T., Roos D.: The Machine that Changed the World. The Story of Lean Productio n. Rawson Associates, New York, 1990, 28 - 54.
[14] Everett E.A.: Towards a Typology of Production and Operations Management Systems. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1983, 365 - 375.
[15] Warnecke H.J., Steinhilper R.: Flexible Manufacturing Systems. IFS Publications Ltd & Springer - Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo, 1985, 8 - 23.
[16] Chen J.H., Ho S.Y.: A novel approach to production planning of flexible manufacturing systems using an efficient multi - objective algorithm. Internation al Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol. 45, Issue 7 - 8, 2005, 949 - 957.
[17] Koren Y., Shpitalni M.: Design of reconfigurable manufacturing systems. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 29, Issue 4, 2011, 130 - 141.
[18] Tolio T. (ed.): Design of Flexible Manufacturing Systems. Methodologies and Tools. Springer - Verlag, Berlin - Heidelberg, 2009, 3 - 18.
[19] Terkaj W., Tolio T.: An Approach to Production System Design Considering the Utility of the Machine Tool Builder. 40th CIRP International Semina r on Manufacturing Systems, Liverpool, UK, 30 May - 1 June 2007.
[20] Malhotra V.*, Raj T. and Arora A : Reconfigurable manufacturing system: an overview . International Journal of Machine Intelligence, ISSN: 0975 – 2927, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2009, pp - 38 - 46 .