Hydro Energy Development in Nepal: A Path from Deficit to Surplus

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2018 by IJETT Journal
Volume-60 Number-1
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Jagat Kumar Shrestha
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V60P202


Jagat Kumar Shrestha "Hydro Energy Development in Nepal: A Path from Deficit to Surplus", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V60(1),21-27 June 2018. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

This paper reviews Nepal`s hydro power potential, current and future energy demand and the strategy needed to develop the hydro power plants to meet the demands. Nepal`s economically feasible hydropower generation capacity is one of the highest in the world. However, this huge hydropower potential is still untapped. The country has harnessed only about 2% of its economic potential of 42,000 Megawatt (MW). By harnessing the hydro resources, Nepal can meet its domestic demand, create a surplus for export. The projected demand of the country to Fiscal Year 2030 is 4,200 MW which is 10% of the total economic potential. The strategy of development of the hydro power plants to shifted to storage type plants as the dry season output of the run of the river plants are just half of the total installed capacity.However,Nepal has made a remarkable progress in clean energy development and has a great prospect for the development of hydro energy fulfilling the energy deficit of the country in few years and will export the surplus energy to the neighbouring countries.

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hydro power potential, power deficit, hydropower development strategy.