Analysis of Process Parameters on the Biomass Gasification Using Response Surface Methodology

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2018 by IJETT Journal
Volume-65 Number-3
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : M. Senthil Kumar
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V65P228


MLA Style: M. Senthil Kumar "Analysis of Process Parameters on the Biomass Gasification Using Response Surface Methodology" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 65.3 (2018): 155-162.

APA Style:M. Senthil Kumar (2018). Analysis of Process Parameters on the Biomass Gasification Using Response Surface Methodology. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 65(3), 155-162.

This paper is to study the effect of design and operating parameters, mainly as bed temperature (T), pressure (P), equivalence ratio(R), feed rate (F) and particle size (S) on the performance of the gasification process of wood powder as biomass in a updraft reactor. In the present investigation, an empirical relationship was developed to predict the process of generating producer gas with better quality through gasification of biomass in a fluidized bed reactor using response surface methodology (RSM). The producer gas component such as O2, H2, CO, CO2, CH4, and N2 were analyzed in the laboratory along with the evaluation of tar yield and cold gas efficiency. It was observed that the concentrations of hydrogen, oxygen nitrogen and carbon monoxide were increased with rise in gasification temperature, pressure and equivalent ratio (0.2-0.35). Higher equivalence ratios (0.4-0.5) caused to decrease the concentrations of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon monoxide. Higher equivalence ratio also resulted in more gas yields and cold gas efficiency due to increase in the exothermic reactions. Furthermore, it was observed that the CH4 and CO2 decreased with the increase of temperature and pressure. The developed model was made a good prediction.

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wood powder, Producer gas, Fluidized bed gasifier, Equivalent ratio and Response surface methodology.