Improving Yarn Quality by Modification on Drafting Zone Settings of Draw Frame
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2019 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2019|
|Authors : Karthikeyan M Ramasamy, Ramesh Duraisamy, Habib Mammo
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V67I11P226|
MLA Style: Karthikeyan M Ramasamy, Ramesh Duraisamy, Habib Mammo "Improving Yarn Quality by Modification on Drafting Zone Settings of Draw Frame" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 67.11 (2019):157-166.
APA Style:Karthikeyan M Ramasamy, Ramesh Duraisamy, Habib Mammo. Improving Yarn Quality by Modification on Drafting Zone Settings of Draw Frame International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 67(11),157-166.
Achieving yarn quality and uniform dyeing are great challenges for textile industries due to time-to-time variations in cotton fibre quality. Process parameters and machine settings are therefore has to be optimized based on the quality of fibre. The draw frame process in the yarn manufacturing sequence plays major significance in improving the quality of yarn. In this research the draw frame parameters such as the bottom roller setting, roller pressure and break draft were modified based on the properties of cotton fibre. The physical properties of yarn were evaluated by using standard testing methods. The analysis showed that the yarn unevenness and coefficient of variation, end breakages rate and hairiness index were reduced to 12.8%,16.8%, 4 per spindle hour and 14 respectively after modification on draft frame settings as referred to DRSC-2 and it shows better results than other modifications and unmodified settings. The imperfections of yarn such as thin places, thick places and neps were reduced significantly to 28, 101 and 94 per km respectively on the same modification. The yarn strength was improved to 15.21kg as compared to the unchanged settings (10.5 kg). Hence it’s concluded that the optimal changes on drafting roller parameters influence the yarn quality in a greater level.
 Majeed, ACotton and textiles-the challenges ahead, Dawn the Internet edition, retrieved 2009-02-12.
 Machine processes", Spinning the Web, Manchester City Council: Libraries, retrieved 2009-01-29.
 J. Ochola, J. Kisato, L. Kinuthia, J. Mwasiagi and A. Waithaka, Study on the Influence of Fiber Properties on Yarn Imperfections in Ring Spun Yarns, Asian Journal of Textile, Volume 2 (3): 32-43, 2012.
 Graham J S & Bragg C K, Study on drafting force of roving: Part IV – Correlation between drafting force, roving strength and yarn quality,Text Res J, 42 (1972) 180.
 N. Balasubramanian,The Effect of Top-Roller Weighting, Apron Spacing and Top-RollerSetting upon Yarn Quality, Text. Res. J., 45, 322 (1975).
 S. M. Ishtiaque, A. Mukhopadhyay, and A. Kumar, Influence of Draw Frame Speed and Its Preparatory Process on Ring- Yarn Properties, J. Text. Inst., 99, 533 (2008).
 S. M. Ishtiaque, A. Mukhopadhyay, and A. Kumar, J. Text.Inst., Impact of yarn extension on packing density of ring spun yarn,100, 657 (2009).
 YaseminAydogmusKorkmaz, Relationship Between Fiber Fineness, Break Draft, and Drafting Force in Roller Drafting, Textile Research Journal,Volume: 74 issue: 5, page(s): 405- 408,2004.
 Purushothama, "Modern auto leveler draw frames, international journal of spinning textile technology," retrieved, 2010.
 Klien, Practical guide to opening and carding, manual of textile technology, short-staple spinning series, Ahe textile institute, Manchester, 1987.
 Process Neha Gupta, Prof. Dr. P. K. Bharti, State of Art on Yarn Manufacturing Process & its defects in Textile Industry, International Journal of Computational Engineering Research, Vol 03,Issue, 4,2013.
 Ghosh, A. Majumdar,Process control in drawing, combing and speed frame operations in Process Control in Textile Manufacturing, Wood head Publishing, ISBN: 9780857090270, 2013.
 Vijay Chaudhari,P. P. Raichurkar,Effect of Draw Frame Bottom Roller Gauge Setting on Yarn Quality,International Journal on Textile Engineering and Processes ISSN 2395- 3578, Vol. 2, Issue 2, April 2016.
 Akshay Kumar, S.M Ishtiaque , K R Salhotra, M S SenthilKannan, Impact of different stages of spinning process on fibre orientation and properties of ring, rotor and air-jet yarns: Part 1 – Measurements of fibre orientation parameters and effect of preparatory processes on fibre orientation and properties, Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research, Vol 33, pp.451-467, 2008.
 R. Moghassem and A. R. Fallahpour,Processing Parameters Optimization of Drawframe for Rotor Spun Yarn Strength Using Gene Expression Programming (GEP), Fibers and Polymers, Vol.12, No.7, 970-975, 2011.
 AnindyaGhosh, SayiedIshtiaque, SeenivasanRengasamy, AsisPatnaik, The Mechanism of End Breakage in Ring Spinning:A Statistical Model To Predict The End Break In Ring SpinningAutexResearch Journal, Vol. 4, No1, March 2004 © AUTEX.
 AnindyaGhosh, AbhijitMajumdar,Process Control in Draw frame, Comber, and Speed frame,Publisher: Wood Head Publisher,2012.
 Ethiopian Spinning Mill Standards(Own Factory Standards), Ethiopia, 2006
 J.E. Booth,Principles of Textile Testing: An Introduction to Physical Methods of Testing Textile Fibres, Yarns, and Fabrics,3, Reprint,ButterWorths, 1986
 Apurba Das1, Saiyed M. Ishtiaque and RiteshNiyogi, Optimization of Fiber Friction, Top Arm Pressure and Roller Setting at Various Drafting Stages, Textile Research Journal, 76(12).
 QasimSiddiqui, ZamirAbroand Chongwen Yu, Study of drafting force variability and sliver irregularity at the break draftzone of a draw frame,Textile Research Journal, 2015, Vol. 85(14) 1465–1473.
 Manual of Industrial procedure of spinning mills, Ethiopia, 2005
 USTER® STATISTICS Application Handbook, Edition 2013, Textile Technology, V1, January 2013, ISBN: 240 840-14020.
 American Society for testing materials (ASTM), https://www.astm.org/digital_ library/topics/pages/section07_stds.htm.
 Klein W, Short Staple Spinning Series, A practical Guide to Combing and Drawing, Manchester, The Textile Institute Vol 3: (1987).
 TarakadVedamurthyRatnam, SITRA Norms for Spinning Mills,Edition 5, South India Textile Research Association, 2000.
 Pankaj S. Patil, V.S. Shivankar, P.P. Raichurkar, Some Studies on Draw Frame Scanning Roller Setting on Ring Frame Yarn Quality, International Journal on Textile Engineering and Processes ISSN 2395-3578,Vol. 3, Issue,October 2017.
 Vijay Chaudhari and PramodRaichurkar, Effect of Draw Frame Bottom Roller Gauge Setting on Yarn Quality, International Journal on Textile Engineering and Processes ISSN 2395-3578 Vol. 2, Issue 2 April 2016.
 AbdulsalamBagwan, Ashok Aakade and Vijay Chaudhry, Optimization of draw frame bottom roller setting on cotton yarn quality, International Journal on Textile Engineering and Processes, ISSN: 2395-3578, Vol 1, Issue 4, October 2015.
 Das, A.; Ishtiaque, S. M.; and Neoga, R.; Optimization of fiber friction, top arm pressure and roller setting at various drafting stages, Textile Research Journal, 76, 913-921, 2006.
 Abdul Jabbar, TanveerHussain and Abdul Moqeet, Impact of Carding Parameters and Draw Frame Doubling on the Properties of Ring Spun Yarn, Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, , Volume 8, Issue 2 – 2013.
 Saiyed M. Ishtiaque, Apurba Das, RiteshNiyogi, Optimization of Fiber Friction, Top Arm Pressure and Roller Setting at Various Drafting Stages, Textile Research Journal,Vol 76, Issue 12, 2006.
Break draft, Imperfections, Roller setting, Strength, Top roller pressure