Permeable Concrete - A Mind Melting Future of Drive Ways and Parking Lots

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2019 by IJETT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-2
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Dr. M. Latha


MLA Style: Dr. M. Latha "Permeable Concrete - A Mind Melting Future of Drive Ways and Parking Lots" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 67.2 (2019): 23-28.

APA Style: Dr. M. Latha (2019). Permeable Concrete - A Mind Melting Future of Drive Ways and Parking Lots. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 67(2), 23-28.

In this project we studied about permeable concrete and its role in the construction field. Another name of permeable concrete is thirsty concrete. It is also called as no fines concrete. As the world’s population continues to shift from rural to urban areas, natural drainage systems are being replaced with impermeable mostly concrete that hinder the environment’s ability to drain rainwater .In forest 80 to 90 of rain water absorbed back into ground. In urban area that absorption falls to 10% of rainwater. Permeable concrete is a special type of concrete with a high porosity used for concrete flat work application that allow water from precipitation and other sources to pass directly through , thereby reducing the run-off from a site and allowing groundwater recharge. This project would be helpful to replenish water table in ground water aquifer minimize flash flooding and standing water by reducing storm water run-off from pavements ,yards driveways and parking lots. Permeable concrete pavement is air and water permeable, the soil underneath can be kept wet and rainwater can quickly filter into ground, allowing ground water resources to renew in time. Permeable concrete also act as a sound absorption and skid resistance and is therefore suitable for use in rainy and humid environment. However, the prevalence of air voids results in low strength so permeable concrete is suitable for low traffic roads. In this study we sought to determine the comparison of compressive strength, flexural strength and permeability of concrete between pervious concrete with no fine aggregates and pervious concrete with replacement of cement into fly ash by 10%.The result showed that the compressive strength and permeability of no fine concrete exceeds the pervious concrete with fly ash, and the flexural strength in no fine concrete is satisfactory for light traffic less. Hence it is recommended that the no fine concrete is better than the pervious concrete with fly ash for light traffic pavement.

[1] Wanielista, M., Chopra, M. (2007): “Performance assessment of Portland cement pervious concrete”, Rep. Prepared for Storm water Management Academy, Univ.of Central Florida, Orlando, Fla, pp. l-1.
[2] Gafoori, N. and Dutta, S. (1995): “Laboratory investigation of compacted no-fine concrete for paving materials”, J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 7(3), pp. l83-191.
[3] Tennis, P.D., Leming, M.L. and Akers, DJ. (2004): “Pervious concrete pavement”, Hydrologic design of pervious concrete, Portland Cement Association, Silver spring, MD; National Ready Mixed Concrete Association, Skokie JL, pp. l-25.
[4] Paul James Harbur (2005), "Applicability of Fines Concrete as a road pavement dissertation (B.E., Civil) University of Southern, Queensland Faculty of Engineering and Surveying.
[5] Kevern, J.T., Wang, K. and Schaefer, V.R. (2008): “Pervious concrete in severe exposures development of pollution-reducing pavement for northern cities”, Concrete Int. Mag. ACI, 30(7), pp. 43-49.
[6] Joung, Y. and Grasley, Z.C. (2008): “Evaluation and Optimization of Durable pervious concrete for use in urban Areas”, Research Rep. SWUTC, pp. l -117.
[7] Chopra, M.M., Kakuturu, S., Ballock, C., Spence, S. and Wanielista, M.M. (2010), “Effect of rejuvenation methods on the infiltration rates of pervious concrete pavements”, J. ASCE, 15(6), pp. 426-433.
[8] Ajamu S.O., Jimoh A.A.(2012) “Evaluation of structural Performance of Pervious Concrete in Construction”, International Journal of Engineering and Technology Volume 2 No. 5, May.
[9] Ayda S. Agar Ozbek Jaap Weerhejim, Erik Schlangen, Klaas van Breugel (2013), “Dynamic behavior of porous concrete under drop weight impact testing” Cement & Concrete Composites vol. 39, pp. 1-11 Alan Sparkman Tennessee Concrete Association.
[10] Olek . J, weiss, W.J. Neithalath, N. Marolf, A., sell, E and Thornton W.D (2003) Development of quiet and durable porous Portland cement concrete paving materials final report, SQ DH 2003-5, Purdue university, pp.172.
[11] Schaefer, V.R.K, Wang, M.T. Sulaiman and J.Kevern, 2006 Mix design development for pervious concreter in cold weather climates, report from the National concrete pavement technology center, AMes, IOWa IOWa State University.
[12] Kavern. J.T and Sparks J.D. (2013) "Low cost techniques for impering the surface durability of previous concrete, "Transportation Research Board, Washington DC - 83-89.
[13] Ashley, E. (2008). “Using Pervious Concrete to Achieve LEEDTM points concrete in focus.” National Ready Mixed Concrete Association, Silver Spring, MD.
[14] McCain, G.N. and Dewoolkar, M.M. (2010): “A Laboratory study on the effect of winter surface application on the hydraulic conductivity of porous concrete pavements”, TRB Annual Meeting, CD-ROM., Washington D.C, pp. 1-18.
[15] James Eyre, Prakash Bhalchandra. "Permeable Concrete Block Paving Applications in the United Arab Emirates ", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V16 (5), 227-236 Oct 2014. ISSN: 2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group

Permeable concrete, Run off, flexural strength, fly ash, permeability.