Safety Management of Road Tunnel During Construction-A Case Study

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2019 by IJETT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-5
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Ashok Kumar Sharma
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V67I5P206

MLA 

MLA Style: Ashok Kumar Sharma "Safety Management of Road Tunnel During Construction-A Case Study" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 67.5 (2019): 31-43.

APA Style: Ashok Kumar Sharma (2019). Safety Management of Road Tunnel During Construction-A Case Study International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 67(5), 31-43.

Abstract
The road tunnel construction is highly complex. It inherently involves many risk-prone activities like excavation and lining, transportation of materials, use of explosive, drilling and blasting, scaling and mucking, ventilation and noise protection excavation, handling of tunnel machinery etc. The risk increases especially, construction in poor rock condition and longer length tunnel. Hence, the safety during construction is crucial. The critical literature review indicated that very few studies available for safety management of road tunnel during construction in India. So the study presents the case study of safety management of two different road tunnels, (i) Chirwa Ghat twin tunnel project near Udaipur and (ii) Kuthiran tunnel in Kerala, in detail. It will provide more insight of safety during construction and it also identifies gap in safety practices for improvement. The study describes the general and specific requirements for safety during the construction. It also throws enough light about the other allied services necessary for the safety of the road tunnel. The basic aspect of safety such as personal protective equipment, access control equipment, lighting, ventilation and safety system at workplace are presented in detail. Tools and methods for identifying risk in working conditions are also discussed in the study. Then the observations have been discussed for all general and specific requirements on both the tunnels and gaps are identified in the field practices. The remedial measures and precautions for various high risk involving activities like drilling and blasting are presented in the study Thus the study will contribute to provide detailed insight of safety scenario during road tunnel construction and identifies the gaps for improvement in current field practice in India.

Reference
[1] Indian Explosive Act-1884
[2] Mines act – 1952
[3] The Explosive Rules – 1983
[4] Mines Rules - 1955
[5] IS:4081-1986 Safety Code for Blasting & Related Drilling Operations
[6] IS:4756-1978 - Safety Code for Tunneling Works
[7] IS:5878-1972 -Code of practice for tunnel construction (All parts)
[8] IS:15026-2002-Tunneling methods in rock masses
[9] IS:14489-1998- Code of Practice on occupational safety and Health Audit
[10] IS: SP:91-2010 Guideline for Road Tunnel
[11] IS:7293- 974 Safety code for working with construction machinery
[12] IS:10386- 974 Safety code for construction, Operation and maintenance of RVP
[13] IS:9457-2005 - Code of practice for safety colors and safety signs
[14] IS:12349-1988 - Fire protection safety signs
[15] IS:4138-1997 Safety code for working in compressed air
[16] AASHTO Guideline for Road Tunnel
[17] PIARC Committee – System and equipment for Fire and Smoke Control, 2005

Keywords
Safety Management, Tunnel Safety, drilling and blasting.