Performance of Backward Pumped Fiber Raman Amplifier with Different Fiber Types

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2019 by IJETT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-5
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Fathy M. Mustafa,Saber H. Abd Elbaki ,Tamer M. Barakat
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V67I5P212

MLA 

MLA Style: Fathy M. Mustafa,Saber H. Abd Elbaki ,Tamer M. Barakat "Performance of Backward Pumped Fiber Raman Amplifier with Different Fiber Types" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 67.5 (2019): 79-84.

APA Style: Fathy M. Mustafa,Saber H. Abd Elbaki ,Tamer M. Barakat (2019). Performance of Backward Pumped Fiber Raman Amplifier with Different Fiber Types International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 67(5), 79-84.

Abstract
Due to the advantages of the Raman amplifier for the Long-Haul UW-WDM optical communication systems, we would like to look for Raman gain for backward pumping using three different types of fiber. The rate equations and the rate of Raman (FRAs) amplifiers have been numerically resolved. In this way, the gain is simulated for the FRA parameters given that affect the Raman gain for all Raman fiber optic backbone amplifiers, such as fiber type, fiber length, pump strength and gain factor to enhance Raman fiber amplifier gain. Gain is obtained as a function of fiber length and pump strength. According to the results obtained, the gain is strongly dependent on fiber length and pumping power.

Reference
[1] J. Nagel, V. Temyanko, J. Dobler, E. Dianov, A. Sysoliatin, A. Biriukov, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Narrow Linewidth Continuous Wave Fiber Raman Amplifier for Remote Sensing of Atmospheric O2 at 1.27 μm,” Technical Digest FILAS, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 16-17, 2011.
[2] J. Nagel, V. Temyanko, J. Dobler, E. Dianov, A. Sysoliatin, A. Biriukov, R. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “High Power, Narrow Linewidth Continuous Wave Raman Amplifier at 1.27 μm,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1-3, 2011.
[3] Fathy M. Mustafa, Ashraf A. Khalaf and F. A. El-Geldawy, “Improvement the Flatness, Gain and Bandwidth of Cascaded Raman Amplifiers for Long- Haul UW-WDM Optical Communications Systems,” IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 377- 384, Nov. 2011.
[4] M. Wasfi, “Optical Fiber Amplifiers Review,” International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS), vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 42-47, Apr. 2009.
[5] Mohamed M. E. EL-Halawany, “Efficient Raman Amplifiers within Propagation and Multiplexing Techniques for High Capacity and Ultra Long Haul Transmission Systems,” International Journal of Computer Science and Telecommunications, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 16-24, June 2011.
[6] JyotiDhir and Vivek Gupta, "Improvement of Raman Gain with Different Parameters in Discrete Raman Amplifier", International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), pp. 16-19, March 2014.
[7] M.C. Fugihara, A.N. Pinto, “Low-Cost Raman Amplifier for CWDM Systems,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 297-301, Feb. 2008.
[8] Er. JyotiDhir and Er. Vivek Gupta," Improvement of Gain with Figure of Merit in Discrete Raman Amplifier", International Journal of Computer Science and Communication Engineering, (IJCSCE), pp. 22-24, 2013.
[9] Parul Singh, "Analysis of Noise Figure of Fiber Raman Amplifier," International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), vol. 3, pp. 997-999, 2014.
[10] Nihal M. Anwar and Moustafa H. Aly," Backward Pumped Distributed Fiber Raman Amplifiers", 27th National Radio Science Conference, March 2010.
[11] A. A. Mohammed and A. N. ZakiRashed," Efficient distributed Raman gain amplification technique in modern metro passive optical networks", International Journal of Academic Library and Information Science, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 10-23, August 2013.
[12] Arwa H. Beshr, Moustafa H. Aly, and A.K. AboulSeoud2, "Amplified Spontaneous Emission Noise Power in Distributed Raman Amplifiers", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, vol. 3, Issue 5, May- 2012.
[13] Abd El–Naser A. Mohamed, Ahmed NabihZakiRashed and Mahmoud M. A. Eid, "High Performance Efficiency of Distributed Optical Fiber Raman Amplifiers for Different Pumping Configurations in Different Fiber Cable Schemes", International Journal of Computer Science and Network (IJCSN), vol. 1, Issue 1, February 2012.
[14] S. Makoui, M. Savadi-Oskouei, A. Rostami, and Z. D. Koozehkanani, "Dispersion Flattened Optical Fiber Design for Large Bandwidth and High Speed Optical Communications Using Optimization Technique," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 21-40, 2009.
[15] M. El Mashade, M. B. and M. N. Abdel Aleem, "Analysis of Ultra Short Pulse Propagation in Nonlinear Optical Fiber," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 219-241, 2009.
[16] A. N. ZakiRashed, "New Trends of Forward Fiber Raman Amplification for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) Photonic Communication Networks", international journal of soft computing, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 26-32, 2011.
[17] Felinsky and P.A. Korotkov, “Raman Threshold and Optical Gain Bandwidth in Silica Fibers,” Journal of Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics, and Optoelectronics, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 360-363, July 2008.
[18] Jordanova LT. and Topchiev VI. “Improvement of the Optical Channel Noise Characteristics using Distributed Raman Amplifiers,” ICEST, vol.12, no. 5, pp. 20-23, June 2008.

Keywords
Raman Amplifiers, Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM), Pump Power and Gain Coefficients