Removal of Chromium from Leather Industry Effluents

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2019 by IJETT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-5
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Ketemaw Salelign Yazie , Feleky Berehanane Demelash , Daniel Tadesse Abebe , Remesh Duraisamy , Ballekallu Chinna Eranna
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V67I5P228

MLA 

MLA Style: Ketemaw Salelign Yazie , Feleky Berehanane Demelash , Daniel Tadesse Abebe , Remesh Duraisamy , Ballekallu Chinna Eranna "Removal of Chromium from Leather Industry Effluents" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 67.5 (2019):163-171.

APA Style: Ketemaw Salelign Yazie , Feleky Berehanane Demelash , Daniel Tadesse Abebe , Remesh Duraisamy , Ballekallu Chinna Eranna (2019). Removal of Chromium from Leather Industry Effluents International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology,67(5),163-171.

Abstract
Environmental pollution with heavy metals is a serious issue worldwide posing threats to humans, animals and plants and to the stability of overall ecosystem. Chromium (Cr) is one of most hazardous heavy metals with a high carcinogenic and recalcitrant nature. Removal of Chromium ions from synthetic tannery wastewater was investigated by using different Adsorbents like Activated Carbon, Bentonite, coffee Powder and Moringa powder with various Parameters including contact time and adsorbent dosage. Activated carbon Adsorbent was the Effective and removal efficiency reached about 98% at contact time 120 minute. The result Shows that Activated Carbon, Bentonite, coffee Powder and Moringa powder can be used as good adsorbents for the removal of Cr ions from synthetic tannery wastewater.

Reference
[1] Acar, F.N.; Malkoc, E., (2004). The removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions byFagusorientalis L. Bioresource Technol., 94(1): 13-15.
[2] Apte, A.D.; Verma, S.; Tare, V.; Bose, P., (2005). Oxidation of Cr (III) in tannery sludge toCr (VI): field observations and theoretical assessment. J. Hazard. Mater., 121(1): 215-222.
[3] American Public Health Association (APHA), (1998).Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (20th). Washington, D.C, American Public Health Association,22-24.
[4] Aravindhan, R.; Madhan, B.; Rao, J.R.; Nair, B.U.; Ramasami, T., (2004). Bioaccumulation of chromium from tannery wastewater: an approach for chrome recovery and reuse. Environ.Sci. Technol., 38(1): 300-306.
[5] ZelekeAbebe (2011). Tannery wastewater management problems in Ethiopia the case of Batu tannery Addis Ababa University College of development studies center for environment,water and development department of environment and development 1:1-82.
[6] Rao, M., A.V. Parvate, A.G. Bhole (1999) “ Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater by Adsorption using low cost Adsorbents” Indian Journal of IPHE, 4: 56-63.
[7] P. Venkateswarlu, M. VenkataRatnam, D. SubbaRao and M. VenkateswaraRao, (August 2007). “Removal of chromium from an aqueous solution using Azadirachtaindica (neem) leaf powder as an adsorbent” International Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 2 (8), pp. 188-195.
[8] Shri Chand, Agarwal V.K and Pavan Kumar (1994) Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Wastewater by Adsorption Indian J. Environ. Health, 36:03:151.
[9] Patnaik L.N & Das C.P (1995) “Removal of hexavalent chromium by blast furnace flue dust” Indian J. Environ. Health, 37:01:19.
[10] Mella, B.; Glanert, A. C.; Gutterres, M., (2015). Removal of hromium from tanning wastewater and its reuse. Process Saf. nviro. Prot., 95: 195-201
[11] Abraha Gebrekidan,Gebrekidan Gebresellasie and Afework ulugeta (2009). Short communication Environmental mpacts of Sheba tannery (Ethiopia) effluents on the surrounding water bodies. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 23(2):269-274.
[12] Sharma, I.; Goyal, D., (2011). Chromium removal from ndustrial effluent by Eucalyptus tereticornis bark. Asian J. xp. Sci., 25(1): 29-30.
[13] James, B.R. (1996). The Challenge of Remediating Chromium Contaminated Soil. Environ, Sci. Techn.30: 248A-51A.
[14] Acar, F.N.; Malkoc, E., (2004). The removal of chromium(VI) from aqueous solutions by Fagus orientalis L. Bioresource Technol., 94(1): 13-15
[15] Apte, A.D.; Verma, S.; Tare, V.; Bose, P., (2005). Oxidation of Cr (III) in tannery sludge to Cr (VI): field observations and theoretical assessment. J. Hazard. Mater., 121(1): 215-218
[16] Pandhram, P.; Nimbalkar, S., (2013). Adsorption of chromiumfrom industrial waste water by using neem leaves as a lowcost adsorbent. Int. J. Chem. Phys. Sci., 2: 149-158.
[17] TadesseAlemu (2010). Evaluation of Selected Wetland Plants for the Removal Efficiency of Chromium and Organic Pollutants from Tannery Wastewater in Constructed Wetlands at ModjoTannery. Addis Ababa University 1:1-50.
[18] Bhalke Sunil, Tripati R.M, Mahapatra S, sastry V.N and Krishnamoorthy T.M (1999) Uptake of heavy metals by sunflower plant dry powder Research Jour. Of Chemistry and Environment, 03:02:09.
[19] Gupta S.K, S.K.Srivastava, D Mohan and S.Sharma(1997) “Design parameters for fixed bed reactors of activated carbon developed from fertilizer waste for the removal of some heavy metal ions Waste Management, 17:08:517.
[20] Patnaik L.N & Das C.P (1995) “Removal of hexavalent chromium by blast furnace flue dust” Indian J. Environ. Health, 37:01:19.
[21] Raji C and Anirudhan T.S(1998) Sorptive behaviour of chromium(VI) on saw dust carbon in aqueous media Ecol. Env. & Cons.04:(1-2):33.
[22] Rao, M., A.V. Parvate, A.G. Bhole (1999) “ Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater by Adsorption using low costAdsorbents” Indian Journal of IPHE, 4: 56- 63.
[23] Sharma Y.C (1996) Foundry material for reclamation of wastewater: Some studies,”International Seminar on Environ. Planningand Management organised by VRCE, Nagpur,24- 26Feb.1996, pp516-519.

Keywords
Adsorption, Chromium ions, Synthetic Tannery Effluent, Activated Carbon,Bentonite, Coffee powder and Moringa powder adsorbents.