Hybrid Coir Medium Density Fibreboard Made of Coir and Basalt fiber using Urea-formaldehyde resin

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2020 by IJETT Journal
Volume-68 Issue-12
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : N.Pugazhenthi, P.Anand
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V68I12P204


MLA Style: N.Pugazhenthi, P.Anand  Hybrid Coir Medium Density Fibreboard Made of Coir and Basalt fiber using Urea-formaldehyde resin International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 68.12(2020):22-25. 

APA Style:N.Pugazhenthi, P.Anand. Hybrid Coir Medium Density Fibreboard Made of Coir and Basalt fiber using Urea-formaldehyde resin. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(12), 22-25.

In today`s world, the furniture sector has been developed greatly due to engineering products` production. This makes all researchers do research on engineering products in recent times for the past 20 years, and also the waste outlet of agro-industry was increased. The reason beyond the engineering products was a limitation on natural woods, more agro waste, natural disaster in the forest, and many more. The coconut is a very important crop in India, and it produces large quantities of coir fiber. The usage of fiber was the vast production of byproducts. Similarly, the engineering of wood also increased year by year in production for commercial purposes. In this project, the medium density fibreboard was prepared from coir fiber and basalt fiber and made into the panel. The Urea-formaldehyde (UF) bonding agent was prepared, and the pH value was maintained while preparing the resin. The panel was prepared with different combinations from panels 1 to 8 using a thermoset molding machine, but the resin (UF) was constant. The fibreboard characteristic was found through the SEM image. Finally, the physical and mechanical properties like density, moisture content, modulus of Rupture, modulus of elasticity, and internal bonding strength were found for 8 different MDF panels. The main purpose was to utilize agro-waste materials into useful products.

[1] Nasir, M., Khali, D. P., Jawaid, M., Tahir, P. M., Siakeng, R., Asim, M., & Khan, T. A. A recent development in binderless fiberboard fabrication from agricultural residues: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 211, (2019) 502–516. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.279
[2] Tsvetkov, V. E., Semochkin, Y. A., & Nikitin, A. A. A Technology for Production of Fiberboards Based on Cotton Stalks. Polymer Science, Series D, 12(3), (2019) 328–330. doi:10.1134/s1995421219030237
[3] Ayrilmis, N, Jarusombuti, S, Fueangvivat, V & Bauchongkol, P. Effects of Thermal Treatment of Rubberwood Fibres on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Medium Density Fibreboard. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 23(1) (2011) 10–16.
[4] Norul Izani, MA, Paridah, MT, Mohd Nor, MY & Umk Anwar.. Properties of Medium-Density Fibreboard (MDF) Made From Treated Empty Fruit Bunch of Oil Palm. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 25(2) (2013) 175–183.
[5] Yuliati Indrayani, Dina Setyawati, Kenji Umemura & Tsuyoshi Yoshimura. Decay Resistance of Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) Made From Pineapple Leaf Fiber, J. Math. Fund. Sci. 47 (1), (2015) 76-83.
[6] Philip Ye, X, James Julson, Monlin Kuo, Al Womac, Deland Myers. Properties of medium density fiberboards made from renewable biomass, Bioresource Technology 98, (2007) 1077– 1084.
[7] Alireza Ashori, Properties of medium density fiberboard based on bagasse fibers.. Journal of composite materials, 42(18) (2009).
[8] N.Pugazhenthi, P.Anand, A Review on Preparation of Medium Density Fiberboard with Different Materials; International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (3.34) (2018) 962-965.
[9] Pugazhenthi N., Anand P. A Review on Mechanical Properties of Medium Density Fiberboard Prepared from Different Fiber Materials. In: Yang LJ., Haq A., Nagarajan L. (eds) Proceedings of ICDMC 2019. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Singapore. (2020).
[10] Abdul Khalil, H.P.S, Nur Firdaus, M.Y, Jawaid, M. Anis, M, Ridzuan, R, Mohamed A.R,. Development and material properties of new hybrid medium density fibreboard from empty fruit bunch and rubberwood, Materials and Design 31, (2010) 4229–4236.
[11] Amamer Redwan, Khairiah Haji Badri, and Azizah Bahrum.. Study the Physical Properties of Medium Density Fiberboard Utilized by Hybrid Mixture of Efb Fiber and Kenaf Fiber, Al- Nahrain Journal of Science.22 2(6) (2019) 27-30.
[12] Ahmed H.Hassain, Tamer Hamouda, Zeki Candan, Ali kilic, Turgay Akbulut. Developing high-performance hybrid composites, composites part B 92, (2016) 384-394.
[13] Lima, E. B. C., Sousa, C. N. S., Meneses, L. N., Ximenes, N. C., Santos Júnior, M. A., Vasconcelos, G. S., Vasconcelos, S. M. M.. Cocos nucifera (L.) (Arecaceae): A phytochemical and pharmacological review. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 48(11), (2015) 953–964. doi:10.1590/1414- 431x20154773
[14] Ahuja, S.C, Siddharth Ahuja, and Uma Ahuja; Coconut – History, Uses, and Folklore. Asian Agri-History, 18(3 )(2015), 221–248.
[15] Praveenkumar, K, Vinayagamoorthi, G, A Study On Export Performance Of Coir Industry In India.. Shanlax International Journal Of Commerce 5 (4) (2017) October Issn: 2320-4168.
[16] N.Pugazhenthi, A.Sathesh Kumar, K.Mohan Babu, K.Suresh Kumar, Mechanical Properties of urea-formaldehyde Reinforced With Nano - Hydroxy Apatite; International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, ISSN 0973-4562 10 (50) (2015).
[17] Fischer, C., Vestøl, G. I., & Høibø, O. Modeling the variability of density and bending properties of Norway spruce structural timber. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 46(7) (2016), 978–985. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2016-0022

coir fiber, basalt fiber, Modulus of Rupture, Modulus of Elasticity