Seismic Performance Limit States Assessment of Bridge Piers by Numerical Analysis and Experimental Damage Observations
How to Cite?
Mohamed Saad Abbadi, Nouzha Lamdouar, "Seismic Performance Limit States Assessment of Bridge Piers by Numerical Analysis and Experimental Damage Observations," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 10, pp. 168-177, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I10P221
A numerical model of the bridge piers is achieved through the OpenSees program in order to predict the nonlinear global and local responses, expressed as displacements, forces and strains. The model is first evaluated by comparing the numerical forcedisplacement response with the corresponding experimental force-displacement response for different degrees of damages. Also, the limit states are compared to see how accurately the model predicts the local behavior as well. Experimental results of 39 columns tested under cyclic loading by several authors are used. These columns cover the main parameters of interest for typical bridge piers, such as geometry, longitudinal and transverse reinforcement ratio, and axial loading ratio. The results of this comparison have led to the conclusion that the numerical model can accurately predict the observed damage sequence and, therefore, the limit states that will be used to achieve the performance objectives. Safety coefficients are proposed to cover the error between the numerical model and experimental responses.
Performance objectives, OpenSees, Pushover analysis.
 F. F. Taucer, E. Spacone, and F. C. Filippou, A Fiber Beam- Column Element For Seismic Response Analysis Of Reinforced Concrete Structures, 141.
 S. Popovics, A numerical approach to the complete stress-strain curve of concrete, Cement and Concrete Research, 3(5) (1973) 583–599, doi: 10.1016/0008-8846(73)90096-3.
 K. Porter, R. Kennedy, and R. Bachman, Creating Fragility Functions for Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering, Earthquake Spectra, 23(2) (2007) 471–489, doi: 10.1193/1.2720892.
 S. K. Kunnath, A. El-Bahy, A. W. Taylor, and W. C. Stone, Cumulative seismic damage of reinforced concrete bridge piers, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, NIST IR 6075, 1997. doi: 10.6028/NIST.IR.6075.
 M. J. Kowalsky, Deformation Limit States for Circular Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns, J. Struct. Eng., 126(8) (2000) 869–878, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2000)126:8(869).
 J. C. Goodnight, M. J. Kowalsky, and J. M. Nau, Effect of Load History on Performance Limit States of Circular Bridge Columns, J. Bridge Eng., 18(12) (2013) 1383–1396, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0000495.
 D. Lehman, J. Moehle, S. Mahin, A. Calderone, and L. Henry, Experimental Evaluation of the Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns, J. Struct. Eng., 130(6) (2004) 869–879, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2004)130:6(869).
 K. R. Mackie and B. Stojadinovi, Fragility Basis for California Highway Overpass Bridge Seismic Decision Making, 239.
 Guidelines-for-Performance-Based-Seismic-Bridge-Design- NCHRP-12-106-Tom-Murphy.pdf.
 M. Shinozuka, M. Q. Feng, H.-K. Kim, and S.-H. Kim, Nonlinear Static Procedure for Fragility Curve Development, J. Eng. Mech., 126(12) (2000) 1287–1295, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733- 9399(2000)126:12(1287).
 Y. D. Hose and F. Seible, Performance Evaluation Database for Concrete Bridge Components and Systems under Simulated Seismic Loads, 113.
 M. P. Berry and M. O. Eberhard, Performance Modeling Strategies for Modern Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns, 210.
 A. Floren and J. Mohammadi, Performance-Based Design Approach in Seismic Analysis of Bridges, J. Bridge Eng., 6(1) (2001) 37–45, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0702(2001)6:1(37).
 H. Tanaka and R. Park, Prediction of the ultimate longitudinal compressive concrete strain at hoop fracture using energy considerations, BNZSEE, 20(4) (1987) 290–305, doi: 10.5459/bnzsee.20.4.290-305.
 M. N. Sheikh and F. Legeron, Seismic performance-based design of bridges with quantitative local performance criteria, 11.  Shear and Flexural Behavior of Lightweight Concrete Bridge Columns in Seismic Regions, SJ, 96(1) (1999), doi: 10.14359/605.
 Y. L. Wong, Squat circular bridge piers under multi-directional seismic attack, 277.
 J. C. Goodnight, M. J. Kowalsky, and J. M. Nau, Strain Limit States for Circular RC Bridge Columns, Earthquake Spectra, 32(3) (2016) 1627–1652, doi: 10.1193/030315EQS036M.