Biodiesel Production and Characterization for Croton Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends with Graphene and Graphene Oxide Nanoparticles
How to Cite?
Koffi Gawonou Amégnona Djagni, Hiram Ndiritu, Meshack Hawi, Robert Kiplimo, "Biodiesel Production and Characterization for Croton Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends with Graphene and Graphene Oxide Nanoparticles," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 12, pp. 120-126, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I12P214
The production of biodiesel from non-edible oil feedstock is gaining attention around the world as a sustainable alternative to fossil diesel that poses no threat to food security. Hence providing motivation to explore new and potential sources. Croton oil was used to make biodiesel in this study through the transesterification process, and the viscosity, density, calorific value, and flash point are some of the properties tested for comparison with corresponding properties of fossil diesel. Properties of diesel-biodiesel blends and blends with nanoparticles (Graphene and Graphene Oxide) were tested to establish the effect of nanoparticles on biodiesel properties. The best transesterification conditions for biodiesel production were found to be Croton oil to methanol ratio of 1:1, stirring frequency of 310 Hz, temperature of 60-65°C, and reaction time of 1 hour. The physicochemical properties of the Croton methyl ester were found to lie within the range of existing biodiesel standards. Fourier Transform Infra-red (FTIR) analysis revealed comparable spectra for Croton methyl ester and diesel. The addition of graphene and graphene oxide nanoparticles in proportions of 25 ppm, 50 ppm, and 100 ppm showed a marginal effect on both the density and viscosity of the fuel blends and a slight increase in the calorific fuel value.
Biodiesel, Diesel, Fourier Transform Infra-red (FTIR), Nanoparticles, Transesterification
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