Study of Properties of Light Weight Concrete made Using Local Industrial by Products

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-3
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : M.R. Vijaya Kumar
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I3P224


MLA Style: M.R. Vijaya Kumar "Study of Properties of Light Weight Concrete made Using Local Industrial by Products" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.3(2021):154-164. 

APA Style:M.R. Vijaya Kumar. Study of Properties of Light Weight Concrete made Using Local Industrial by Products  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(3),154-164.

The paper presented here is intended to make an investigation of the use of locally available materials in and around the Bellary district to make lightweight concrete (lwc). The district has harbored many steel and pig iron industries and brick casting yards which can provide raw materials for making lightweight concrete. The materials which are used in the present study are bloated slag (foamed slag), hard burnt brickbats, fly ash, ground granulated blast furnace slag (ggbs), and OPC Cement. Another abundantly, economically available material is Rice husk from local rice mills. This material, when used as an ingredient it helps to fulfill the engineering requirements of lightweight concrete. The fresh concrete proportions are fixed to give a slump of 25 – 50 mm. W/p ratio is used between 0.5 – 0.7 to achieve the required slump. The desirable engineering properties of lwc, such as unit weight and compressive strength, are arrived at by keeping some ingredients constant. And the rice husk is considered as one of the variables. In addition, modeling of the variables is made in order to know the relationships between important critical properties of lightweight concrete. It is possible to produce lightweight concrete economically as the ingredients, bloated slag, brickbats, and rice husk are abundantly available in the place of study. The study indicates the combination of materials such as fly ash, ggbs, bloated slag/brickbats, and rice husk yielded a lot, with densities varying from 1200 a 1400 kg/m3 and compressive strength varying in the range 7 to 11.21 N/mm2.

[1] Concrete technology by M.L.Gambhir.
[2] Concrete technology by M.S.Shetty.
[3] B.S 2185: Part 04
[4] Measuring air in fresh and hardened concrete By Kenneth C. Hover, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
[5] Rational Mix Design of Lightweight Concrete for Optimum Strength by Eethar Th. Dawood and Mahyuddin Ramli. Presented in 2nd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BUILT ENVIRONMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES CBEDC 2008) 3rd to 4th December Penang, Malaysia, (2008).
[6] ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: Project Sponsored by KSCST, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka.

Lightweight aggregates, bloated slag, brickbats, rice husk, fly ash, ggbs, modeling, the goodness of fit.