Diesel Engine Emission And Performance Characteristics Fuelled With Jatropha Biodiesel. A Review

Diesel Engine Emission And Performance Characteristics Fuelled With Jatropha Biodiesel. A Review

© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-6
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Ramano K.L, O Maube, AA Alugongo
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I6P211

How to Cite?

Ramano K.L, O Maube, AA Alugongo, "Diesel Engine Emission And Performance Characteristics Fuelled With Jatropha Biodiesel. A Review," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 79-86, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I6P211

The increase in demand for fossil fuel resources and environmental degradation has led researchers to seek a suitable substitute for fuels that are renewable and environmentally friendly. Biodiesel is one of the alternative fuels that received more attention as a substitute for diesel fuel. Its ability to reduce carbon monoxide, HC and particulate matter makes it an outstanding alternate fuel. The main purpose of this paper is to review the performance, combustion, and emission characteristics of biodiesel derived from non-edible Jatropha oil. Jatropha biodiesel (JB) has been found to possess properties that are within the acceptable range as stipulated by the ASTM. The review focused on three engine performance parameters: Brake power (BP), Brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), and Brake thermal efficiency (BTE). From the review, the diesel engine can run smoothly with Jatropha biodiesel. The observations from several researchers showed a decrease in BP, BTE, and an increase in BSFC in comparison with diesel fuel. Emission parameters like Carbon monoxide (CO), Carbon dioxide (CO2), Hydrocarbons (HC), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), and Particulate matter (PM) were observed during the test. CO, CO2, HC, and Particulate matter were found to be lower than that of diesel fuel. However, a significant increase in NOx emission was spotted. Lower cylinder pressure, together with heat released, was evident when using Jatropha and its blends (JB20, JB40, JB80, and JB100). JB20 proved to be the best blends as it yielded improved and acceptable results in performance and emission as compared to 100% Jatropha biodiesel. In view of the findings of the review, it can be concluded that Jatropha biodiesel can be the alternate fuel in the near future.

Jatropha, Biodiesel, diesel engine

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