LULC Change Detection Studies and Its Possible Linkages with Increased Visitations in the Sagar Island, W.B.

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-8
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Soumik Sarkar, Suchandra Bardhan, Pranabes Sanyal


MLA Style: Soumik Sarkar, Suchandra Bardhan, Pranabes Sanyal  "LULC Change Detection Studies and Its Possible Linkages with Increased Visitations in the Sagar Island, W.B." International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.8(2021):49-61. 

APA Style: Soumik Sarkar, Suchandra Bardhan, Pranabes Sanyal. LULC Change Detection Studies and Its Possible Linkages with Increased Visitations in the Sagar Island, W.B.  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(8),49-61.

Sagar Island, located at the confluence of river Hooghly and the Bay of Bengal, is the largest inhabited island in the Indian Sundarbans. This paper presents the time-series analyses of the land use and land cover (LULC) of the island for the four decades of 1986, 1996, 2006 & 2014 by using multi-temporal Landsat satellite data under ten classes - mangrove, settlement with vegetation, agriculture land, creek, waterbody, other vegetation, mudflat, aquaculture farm, marshy land, and open space. It also studies the tourism growth in the island and uses the Pearson correlation coefficient (CC) method to associate this with the LULC changes. Information on visitation was obtained from the state tourism department. Field visits were undertaken for ground verifications and primary surveys of visitor facilities. Agriculture land and settlement with vegetation emerged as the dominant land uses, with the former shrinking by 25% and the latter growing by 38% at the end of the study period. About 20% growth was also observed in the number of tourist beds during the same period. The results of the Pearson CC favor a strong correlation between the two and indicate that the dynamics may be largely attributed to the increase of new settlements and visitor infrastructures.

[1] B. Roy Chowdhury, and T. Sen, Coastal Erosion and Its Impact on Sagar Island, (S) 24 Parganas, W.B, International Journal of Science and Research, 4 (3) (2015) 1192-1196.
[2] Earth from space: Ganges’ dazzling delta., European Space Agency, _Space_Ganges_dazzling_delta (2009) (Accessed in June 2021).
[3] Delta Alliance., delta (2021) (Accessed in June 2021).
[4] S. Sengupta, Sundarban Jib-Parimandal [Ecological-Biosphere], Ananda Publishers, ISBN 81-7756-506-0, (2015).
[5] Gangasagar Bakkhali Development AuthoritY., Land Use & Development Control Plan, Available: (2017) (Accessed in June 2021).
[6] T.M. Lillesand, and R.W. Keifer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation (5th Edition), John Wiley and Sons Inc,(1994).
[7] A. Bhandari, N. Bela, N. Mishra, and S. Gupta, Change Detection of Land use Land Cover using GIS & Remote Sensing for Doon Valley, International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG – IJCE), 3 (7) (2016) 33-36.
[8] O. O. Other, S. L. Gebre, and D. O. Gemeda, Analyzing the Rate of Land Use and Land Cover Change and Determining the Causes of Forest Cover Change in Gog District, Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia, Journal of Remote Sensing & GIS, 6(4) (2017) DOI: 10.4172/2469-4134.1000219.
[9] M. Pramod Kumar, K. Nagalakshmi, T. Lakshmi Prasad, N. Jayaraju, and B. Lakshmana, Land use and Land Cover Analysis using Remote Sensing and GIS: A Case Study in and around Bramhamgarimatam, Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh, India, International Journal of Geoinformatics and Geological Science (SSRG - IJGGS), 6(1) (2019) 16 – 20.
[10] D. Dutta, and S. Deb, Analysis of coastal land use/land cover changes in the Indian Sunderbans using remotely sensed data, Geo-spatial Information Science, 15(4) (2012) 241 – 250.
[11] K. S. Jayappa, D. Mitra, and A. K. Mishra, Coastal geomorphological and land-use and land-cover study of Sagar Island, Bay of Bengal (India) using remotely sensed data, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 27(10) (2006) DOI: 10.1080/01431160500500375, 3671-3682.
[12] I. Mondal, S. Thakur, P. Ghosh, T.K. De, and J. Bandyopadhyay, Land Use/Land Cover Modeling of Sagar Island, India Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques, Emerging Technologies in Data Mining and Information Security, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 755. Springer, Singapore., (2019) 771 – 785.
[13] S. Thakur, I. Mondal, S. Bar, S. Nandi, P.B. Ghosh, P. Das, and T.K. De, Shoreline changes and its impact on the mangrove ecosystems of some island of Indian Sundarbans, North-East coast of India, Journal of Cleaner Production, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124764, (2020).
[14] R. Hajra, and T. Ghosh, Formulation of Methodological Approach for Sustainable Tourism Using 'GSTC' Criteria: A Case Study of Sagar Island, India, International Journal of Innovative Research & Development, 3 (1) (2014) 305-309, 2014.
[15] Census Data of India, (2011), parganas.html (Accessed in June 2021).
[16] United States Geological Survey, Available:
[17] R. Manonmani, & G. Mary Divya Suganya, Remote Sensing and GIS Application in Change Detection Study In Urban Zone Using Multi-Temporal Satellite., International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 1(1), pp 60-65, 2010.
[18] CUTS International, Third Draft Report, Conceptual Plan for Integrating Community-based Tourism along the Bangladesh- India Protocol Route for Inland Navigation.
[19] A. Nath, S. Samanta, S. Banerjee, A.A. Danda, and S. Hazra, Threat of arsenic contamination, salinity and water pollution in agricultural practices of Sundarban Delta, India, and mitigation strategies, SN Applied Science, 021-04544-1, 2021.
[20] United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021). (Accessed in June 2021).

Geospatial techniques, Land Use, and Landcover, Pilgrims, Tourism, Sundarbans