Raw Water Treatment Model With Combined System of Downflow – Upflow Filter

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-8
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Yolly Adriati, Muhammad Saleh Pallu, Mary Selintung, Bambang Bakri
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I8P229

MLA 

MLA Style: Yolly Adriati, Muhammad Saleh Pallu, Mary Selintung, Bambang Bakri  "Raw Water Treatment Model With Combined System of Downflow – Upflow Filter" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.8(2021):237-242. 

APA Style: Yolly Adriati, Muhammad Saleh Pallu, Mary Selintung, Bambang Bakri. Raw Water Treatment Model With Combined System of Downflow – Upflow Filter International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(8),237-242.

Abstract
Treatment with a combined system of downflow and up-flow filters is a straightforward raw water treatment system. Filtration technology with flow direction from top to bottom (downflow) and from bottom to top (upflow) is widely applied in small-scale communities, but this method could be developed further. When clogging occurs, it is necessary to wash the media manually. This study analyzes the effect of filters on raw water treatment and analyzes the effectiveness of the turbidity level of raw water treatment with a combination of downflow and upflow system. With beach sand filter media with varying thicknesses of 10 cm, 20 cm and 30 cm, and a combined filter media of beach sand and zeolite with a thickness of 20 cm. The results showed that turbidity was reduced significantly with a combination of downflow and upflow filter system. It also more efficient in the use of filter media thickness, with a low filter media thickness, it could remove 78% to 99% turbidity. This indicates that the downflow and upflow filter combination system can eliminate turbidity with low filter media

Reference
[1] Permenkes nomor 16/Menkes/Per/IV/2005 Syarat baku mutu air bersih.
[2] SNI 6774:2008 tentang spesifikasi unit paket instalasi pengolahan air .
[3] Binie,C; Kimber, M.2013Basic Water Treatment, 5th ed; ICE Publising London, UK.
[4] B Bakri, M.Selintung, RN Hamdani, M. Ihsan, Y. Arai , 2019. The Effectiveness of PAC and Chitosan Usage in Jeneberang River Raw Water Treatment. Systems. IOP Conference Series: Material Science and Engineering 679 (1),012028.
[5] Huisman, L. 1994. Rapid ans Slow Sand Filtration. Lecture Notes. IHE Delt Netherlands.
[6] Joko,T.,Unit Produksi dalam Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum, Graha Ilmu., .( 2010).
[7] Maryani, D., Masduqi, A., dan Moesriati, A., Pengaruh ketebalan media dan rate filtrasi pada sand filter dalam menurunkan kekeruhan dan total coliform. Jurnal teknik pomits., 3(2) (2014) Hal D.76-D.81.
[8] Y. Adriati, MS Pallu, M.Selintung, B.Bakri., Relevance Between Filtration Rate and Filter Media Thickness in Downflow Filter Systems. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 419 (1) (2020) 012130
[9] Khambhammettu., Full Scale Evaluation of Upflow Filter A Catch Basin Insert for the Treatment of Stormwater at Critical Source Areas., (2006).
[10] S.Syahrir, M.Selintung, S.Pallu, A.Thaha., Studi Pengolahan air melalui media filter pasir kuarsa ( studi kasus malimpung), Disertasi Program Doktor Teknik Sipil Universitas Hasanuddin.
[11] S.Syahrir, M.Selintung, S.Pallu, A.Thaha., Studi Model Efektifitas Medi Pasir Kuarsa Pada Proses Filtrasi Single Medium (Studi Kasus Sungai Tiroang). Repository.stt-baramulli.ac.id., (2012).
[12] M Orianto, W. Pratikono., Mekanika fluida I. Yogyakarta: BPFE UGM., (1989).
[13] Triatmodjo, B., Hidraulika I. Penerbit Beta Offset. Yogyakarta., (2014).
[14] Triatmodjo, B., Hidraulika II. Penerbit Beta Offset. Yogyakarta., (2015).
[15] SS Antaria, M.Selintung, MS Pallu, MP Hatta., Test Of Bio Activator Model With Natural Zeolite form South Sulawesi As Filter Media and Adsorbent Heavy Metal Pb, Ni and Cu. IPTEK Journal of Proceeding Series 1., (2015).

Keywords
downflow upfow, discharge, speed, filtration, efficiency