Design and Fabrication of a PC-Based 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-9
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Abd Rahman Z, Mohamed S.B, Zulkifli A.R, Kasim M.S, W.N.F.Mohamad
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I9P201

MLA 

MLA Style: Abd Rahman Z, Mohamed S.B, Zulkifli A.R, Kasim M.S, W.N.F.Mohamad  "Design and Fabrication of a PC-Based 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.9(2021):1-13. 

APA Style: Abd Rahman Z, Mohamed S.B, Zulkifli A.R, Kasim M.S, W.N.F.Mohamad. Design and Fabrication of a PC-Based 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(9),1-13.

Abstract
The machine manufacturing industry usually monopolizes CNC-based machine manufacturing technology. These machine tools have world-class manufacturer control systems. Simultaneously, hobbyists, amateurs, and semi-professionals created many solutions for small-scale and low-cost CNC machines. This paper discusses processes for designing and developing a PCbased 3-axis CNC milling machine to meet small-scale and cost-effective machine manufacturing requirements. The following is a review of CNC milling machines built based on the capabilities of similar-sized machines reviewed previously. The milling machine's design is based on a vertical position with a close frame structure. It is assembled with aluminum extrusion profiles to achieve a rigid frame structure. This low cost is achieved by using low-cost offthe- shelf hardware modules that can reduce maintenance costs. The Mach4 software that acts as a PC-based controller communicates G-codes to control the machine. The machining test revealed that the UHMW-PE sample could be cut with different geometric shapes by machining a workpiece under a specific tool path. This machine design shows manufacturing efficiency and flexibility, allowing small facilities to reduce capital costs. Although not intended for mass production or precise machining, this machine can effectively replace expensive commercial CNC machines.

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Keywords
PC-Based, CNC, Milling Machine, Small-Scale, Low-Cost.