Hybrid Ontology-Deep Learning Integrated CBMIR System for CT Lung Diseases

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-9
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Nora yahia Ibrahim, Amira samy Talaat, Hany M. Harb


MLA Style: Nora yahia Ibrahim, Amira samy Talaat, Hany M. Harb "Hybrid Ontology-Deep Learning Integrated CBMIR System for CT Lung Diseases" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.9(2021):193-202. 

APA Style: Nora yahia Ibrahim, Amira samy Talaat, Hany M. Harb. Hybrid Ontology-Deep Learning Integrated CBMIR System for CT Lung DiseasesInternational Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(9),193-202.

Recently, radiologists and general practitioners diagnose abnormal CT (Computed Tomography) lung images based on the CBMIR (Content-Based Medical Image Retrieval) system. This system idea is to extract the image feature and retrieve the relevant CT lung images that match a query image. The semantic gap between low-level visual content images and conceptual high-level semantic knowledge is a challenge in the CBMIR system. Most of the conventional CBMIR system works on the details of the images and doesn't exploit the metadata, for example, tags, image description, etc. This paper tackles this problem by using the metadata that describes the contents of images. This paper utilizes the high-level knowledge representation structure called ontology that represents the semantic annotations extracted from metadata to improve the classification accuracy of the CBMIR. Two stages are proposed to retrieve medical images: the classification and the retrieval stages. In the classification stage, the images are trained using a Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DCNN), and then the trained model is used to classify the CT lung images. However, the images are retrieved from the predicted class according to a query image in the retrieval stage. In addition, it retrieves similar images from the whole database without incorporating class prediction. The proposed method is evaluated in retrieving common CT Imaging Signs (CISs), which are vital for diagnosing lung diseases. The proposed method achieved an accuracy of 95.2 for the classification task and a mean average precision (mAP) of 0.742 for the retrieval task.

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ontology, deep learning, semantic, image retrieval, lung diseases.