A Remote Baby Surveillance System with RFID and GPS Tracking

A Remote Baby Surveillance System with RFID and GPS Tracking

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-11
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Ruven A/L Sundarajoo, Chung Gwo Chin, Pang Wai Leong, Tan Soo Fun
DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I11P208

How to Cite?

Ruven A/L Sundarajoo, Chung Gwo Chin, Pang Wai Leong, Tan Soo Fun, "A Remote Baby Surveillance System with RFID and GPS Tracking," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 81-92, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I11P208

In the 21st century, sending babies or children to daycare centres has become more and more common among young guardians. The balance between full-time work and child care is increasingly challenging nowadays. In Malaysia, thousands of child abuse cases have been reported from babysitting centres every year, which indeed triggers the anxiety and stress of the guardians. Hence, this paper proposes to construct a remote baby surveillance system with radio-frequency identification (RFID) and global positioning system (GPS) tracking. With the incorporation of the internet of things (IoT), a sensor-based microcontroller is used to detect the conditions of the baby as well as the surrounding environment and then display the real-time data as well as notifications to alert the guardians via a mobile application. These conditions include the crying and waking of the baby, as well as temperature, the mattress’s wetness, and moving objects around the baby. In addition, RFID and GPS location tracking are implemented to ensure the safety of the baby, while white noise is used to increase the comfort of the baby. In the end, a prototype has been successfully developed for functionality and reliability testing. Several experiments have been conducted to measure the efficiency of the mattress’s wetness detection, the RFID transmission range, the frequency spectrum of white noise, and also the output power of the solar panel. The proposed system is expected to assist guardians in ensuring the safety and comfort of their babies remotely as well as prevent any occurrence of child abuse.

Child abuse, Global positioning system, Internet of things, Radio-frequency identification, White noise.

[1] F. B. Alokan, “Child Abuse, Its Impact and Social Problem,” SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 80-83, 2019. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942703/IJHSS-V6I4P111.
[2] R. Wildfeuer, J. Kobulsky, and J. Reyes, “Child Sexual Abuse Recurrence: A Narrative Review,” Commonhealth, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 67-77, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.15367/ch.v2i2.486
[3] S. Sulaiman, M. Basharudin, A. H. Che Wail, S. S. Mohamed, K. N. Yusoff, and M. I. MohdYaziz, “Mental Health Awareness of Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN): the Case Among Parents in Malaysia,” Journal of Health and Medical Sciences, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 14-20, 2018. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.31014/aior.1994.01.01.3
[4] S. V. N. Prabhakaran, R. B. Borhan, and F. S. B. M. Rafdi, “Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect Cases in a Single Tertiary Hospital in Malaysia-A 5-Year Retrospective Study,” Medical Journal of Malaysia , vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 548-554, 2020.
[5] Child Abuse, Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (KKM), 2021. [Online]. Available: http://www.Myhealth.Gov.My/En/Category/Kids/Kids-Child-Abuse/.
[6] L. G. Selamu, “A Study of Child Wellbeing and Welfare Systems in China and Taiwan,” SSRG International Journal of Nursing and Health Science, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 30-33, 2018. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/24547484/IJNHS-V5I3P106
[7] Y. Shruthi, “Effect of Child Abuse and Neglect on Children and Its Prevention: An Overview,” International Journal of Neonatal Care and Pediatric Nursing, pp. 1-6, 2022.
[8] H. Chaiyachati Barbara, and E. Gur Raquel, “Effect of Child Abuse and Neglect on Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders,” Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, vol. 206, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbb.2021.173195
[9] J. D. Ngororabanga, and G. Habinshuti, “Abuse and Neglect of Children with Disability as One of the Causes of Drop Out of School in Gatebe Sector, Burera District,” SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 45-53, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942703/IJHSS-V8I4P108
[10] A. K. Fingarson, M. C. Pierce, D. J. Lorenz, K. Kaczor, B. Bennett, R. Berger, and N. Zuckerbraun, “Who's Watching the Children? Caregiver Features Associated with Physical Child Abuse Versus Accidental Injury,” The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 212 , pp. 180-187, 2019. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.05.040
[11] C. M. Theodorou, E. G. Brown, J. E. Jackson, and A. L. Beres, “Child Abuse and the Covid-19 Pandemic,” Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 276, pp. 18-23, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2022.02.039
[12] E. Y. Thomas, A. Anurudran, K. Robb, and T. F. Burke, “Spotlight on Child Abuse and Neglect Response in the Time of Covid-19,” The Lancet Public Health, vol. 5, no. 7, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30143-2
[13] Kaaveya.S, T.Gayathti, and T. Kalaichelvi, "Smart Shipment Tracker," SSRG International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-4, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488549/IJECE-V7I1P101
[14] M. Subramanian, T. Sheela, K. Srividya, and D. Arulselvam, “Security and Health Monitoring System of the Baby in Incubator,” The International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 3582-3585, 2019.
[15] R. Palaskar, S. Pandey, A. Talng, A. Wagh, and R. Kagalkar, “An Automatic Monitoring and Swing the Baby Cradle for Infant Care,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 187-189, 2015. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.17148/IJARCCE.2015.41242
[16] W. A. Jabbar, H. K. Shang, S. N. Hamid, A. A. Almohammedi, R. M. Ramli, and M. A. Ali, “Iot-Bbms: Internet of Things-Based Baby Monitoring System for Smart Cradle,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 93791-93805, 2019. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2928481
[17] S. Durga, S. Itnal, K. Soujanya, C. Z. Basha, and C. Saxena, “Advanced and Effective Baby Care Monitoring Smart Cradle System Using Internet of Things,” In 2021 2nd International Conference on Smart Electronics and Communication (ICOSEC), pp. 35-42, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/ICOSEC51865.2021.9591955
[18] P. P. Savita, and R. M. Manisha, Baby Monitoring Using Sensor & Wireless Camera, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://sasi.ac.in/downloads/projects/ECE/16-17/BABY%20MONITORING%20USING%20SENSORE%20&%20WIRELESS%20CAMERA.pdf
[19] S. Hn, S. Patil, S. Sannakki, V. Guruvin, and A. S, “Development of Incubation System for Premature Baby Care,” Asian Journal for Convergence in Technology (AJCT), vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 81-84, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33130/AJCT.2021v07i02.017
[20] A. Rudyansyah, H. L. Hendric Spits Warnars, F. LumbanGaol, and T. Matsuo, “A Prototype of Baby Monitoring Use Raspberry Pi”, In 2020 International Conference on ICT for Smart Society (ICISS), pp. 1-4, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/ICISS50791.2020.9307586
[21] T. Hussain, K. Muhammad, S. Khan, A. Ullah, M. Y. Lee, and S. W. Baik, “Intelligent Baby Behavior Monitoring Using Embedded Vision in Iot for Smart Healthcare Centers,” Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Systems, vol. 1, pp. 110-124, 2019. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.33969/AIS.2019.11007
[22] A. R. Zubair, A. E. Udom, S. A. Paul, and A. P. Adedigba, “Development of a Baby Care System,” Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science Studies, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 4334-4341, 2022.
[23] E. Sezici, and D. Yigit, “Comparison Between Swinging and Playing of White Noise Among Colicky Babies: A Paired Randomised Controlled Trial,” Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 27, no. (3-4) , pp. 593-600, 2018. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13928
[24] C. Min, and C. Shigang, “RFID Technologies for Internet of Things,” Springer-Verlag, 2016.
[25] S. Melena, “Introduction to Microcontroller Programming with Arduino,” Kindle Edition, 2018.
[26] Firebase, 2022 [Online]. Available: https://firebase.google.com
[27] Blynk IoT Platform: for Businesses and Developers, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://blynk.io/.
[28] Friture, 2022. [Online]. Available: http://friture.org.
[29] Charles K. Alexander, and Matthew N. O. Sadiku, “Fundamentals of Electric Circuits,” 5th Ed., Mcgraw-Hill, 2013.
[30] M. Kulsum, “Design and Development of a Mobile Application for Mother and Baby Care,” 2019. [Online]. Available: http://dspace.daffodilvarsity.edu.bd:8080/handle/123456789/4985