Roadside Unit Transmission Control for Energy Efficiency in Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Communication Network

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-5
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Paule Kevin Nembou Kouonchie, Vitalice Kalecha Oduol, George Nyauma Nyakoe
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P217

Citation 

MLA Style: Paule Kevin Nembou Kouonchie, et al. "Roadside Unit Transmission Control for Energy Efficiency in Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Communication Network." International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 5, May. 2022, pp. 145-158. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P217

APA Style:Paule Kevin Nembou Kouonchie, Vitalice Kalecha Oduol, George Nyauma Nyakoe. (2022). Roadside Unit Transmission Control for Energy Efficiency in Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Communication Network. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 70(5), 145-158. https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P217

Abstract
In recent years, intelligent transportation systems (ITS) have improved road safety. This has led to new communication systems such as vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-vehicle. This technology has attracted the attention of many researchers due to its deployment cost and energy efficiency challenges. Roadside units (RSUs) powered by renewable energy are mainly concerned with energy efficiency because of the intermittency of renewable energy resources. This paper proposes a solution for energy efficiency in the V2I network to minimize the energy consumption of RSUs deployed in an urban area. The problem has been formulated as an RSU transmission control problem based on the traffic flow at road intersections. This method is compared with the traditional RSU transmission mode, and the study is conducted in two phases. The first phase is to model a section of the road network of Nairobi using OpenStreetMap and SUMO. The second phase is to define and validate the solution`s effectiveness in terms of connectivity, energy consumption, packet delivery ratio (PDR), and average downlink end-to-end delay. The results show that the proposed solution is energy efficient for small and large packets and has good communication performance.

Keywords
Basic Safety Message, Energy Consumption, Road Safety, Roadside unit, Vehicle-to-Infrastructure.

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