A Study on the Risk Analysis of Tiger Cry that Makes Elephants Tremble
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2022 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2022|
|Authors : Ik-Soo Ahn
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P224|
MLA Style: Ik-Soo Ahn. "A Study on the Risk Analysis of Tiger Cry that Makes Elephants Tremble." International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 5, May. 2022, pp. 221-226. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P224
APA Style:Ik-Soo Ahn.(2022). A Study on the Risk Analysis of Tiger Cry that Makes Elephants Tremble. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 70(5), 221-226. https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P224
Elephants are often injured or killed while running away after being chased by the cry of a tiger, which is becoming a hot topic. According to the previous experimental papers, it was found that accidents often occur where an elephant, who was not afraid of the cry of a leopard or a puma, hears the cry of a tiger and panics, then falls off a cliff or dies without getting out of the swamp. Then, we investigated what kind of sound components are contained in the Tiger`s cry, which frightens the elephants and makes them tremble in fear. We also investigated how different the Tiger`s cry was from other feline predators. The experiment was conducted by comparing and analyzing the cries of leopards and pumas among various feline predators with those of tigers. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the low-frequency sound of the 50 Hz band and the intense ultra-low-frequency sound below the human audible band were widely and strongly generated in the cry of a tiger. Suppose the elephant habitat or zoo wants to prevent accidents or stress caused by hearing the tiger cry. In that case, installing a barrier or sound barrier around the elephant habitat is also possible to prevent the powerful low-frequency sound from the Tiger`s cry from being transmitted directly
Elephant, Tiger cry, Feline, Accidents, Ultra-low-frequency, Sound analysis.
 Vivek Thuppil1 and Richard G. Coss, Wild Asian elephants, distinguish aggressive Tiger and leopard growls according to perceived danger, Published by the Royal Society, (2013).
 Coss RG, McCowan B, Ramakrishnan U., Threat-related acoustical differences in alarm calls by wild bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) elicited by python and leopard models. Ethology, 113 (2007) 352– 367.
 Gang, S. H., and baek, C., understanding, and use of the mass media. hannarae Publishing, (2001).
 Kim, T. W., and Kong, H. Y., Spectrum Sensing Method of Cognitive Network applying Energy. The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting, and Communication, 15 (2015) 73-76.
 Ghosh, Jyotirmoy and Koo, I. S., An Approach to maximize throughput for Energy Efficient Cognitive Radio Networks. The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology (IJACT), 1 (2013) 18-23.
 Ik-Soo Ahn and Myung-Jin Bae, Study On Bird Strike Prevention by Using Cries of falcon in the Birds of Prey , BRIS Journal of Advances in S & T, MAGNT Research Report, ISSN:1444-8939(ISI-indexed), 4(1) (2016)1-3.
 McComb K, Shannon G, Durant SM, Sayialel K, Slotow R, Poole J, Moss C. 2011 Leadership in elephants: the adaptive value of age. Proc. R. Soc. B, 278 (2011) 3270– 3276.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, Eun-Young Yi, A Study of a Foley Sound Contents Based on Analysis and Compare of Frog Crying Sound, ISAAC 2015, AACL , 06 (2015) 181-182.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, A Study on the Music Genre for Relieving COVID-19 Depression, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(12) (2020) 160-165.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, A Study on Heart Management Using Healthy Heartbeat Frequency, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(12) (2020) 16-21.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, A Study on the Sound That Occurs When Opening and Closing the Jangjimun of A Hanok (Traditional Korean House), International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(6) (2021) 105-110.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, A Study on the Human Body Response to the Sound of Stepping on Fallen Leaves in ASMR, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(11) (2020) 173-178.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, A study on the Sound Effect of Footsteps used in Radio Drama, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(3) (2021) 11-16.
 Sung-Hoon Hong, Myung-Jin.Bae, On a Concentration of Study Skill, KITE, Proceedings of 2007 Fall Conference, 30(2) (2007) 671- 672, 2007.
 Chan-Joong Chung, Myung-Jin Bae, On discrimination of Surprising Sound, ASK, Proceedings of 2007 Fall Conference, ISSN 1225- 441x, 26(2(s)) (2007) 57-58.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, A Study on the Sound Directing Technique for the Stereoscopic Production of Radio Drama, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(5) (2021) 11-15.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, Hyung-Woo Park and Myung-Jin Bae, A Study on a Foley Sound of Tiger Roaring Sound, BRIS Journal of Advances in S & T, MAGNT Research Report, ISSN:1444-8939(ISI-indexed), 3(9) (2015) 293-298.
 Kumaraguru A, Saravanamuthu R, Brinda K, Asokan S. 2011 Prey preference of large carnivores in Anamalai Tiger Reserve, India. Eur. J. Wildl. Res. 57 (2011) 627 – 637.
 Young-Hwa Jang (Keimyung University), Ik-Geun Oh (Keimyung University), Impacts of potential tourists` Hanok image on behavioral intentions, Korean Tourism Management Association Tourism Research Tourism Research, 29(1) (2014) 04161-177 (17 pages) Registered in KCI.
 Berg JK. 1983 Vocalizations and associated behaviors of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) in captivity. Z. Tierpsychol. 63 (1983) 63– 79.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, Research on dramaturgy and initiatives of sound effects for radio drama, Chung-Ang University Master`s Thesis, (2012).
 Nair S, Balakrishnan R, Seelamantula CS, Sukumar R., Vocalizations of wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): structural classification and social context. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126 (2009) 2768–2778.
 Ik-Soo Ahn, Seong-Geon Bae, Myung-Jin Bae, A Study on the Necessity of Driving Sound and Driving Sound for Electric Power Simple Transportation System, Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(5) (2018) 1298-1303.
 Sukumar R. 1985 Ecology of the Asian elephant Elephas maximus and its interaction with man in south India. Ph.D. dissertation, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.(1985).
 Ik-Soo Ahn, Foley Artist! Please Ask for the sound, Hyohyung Publishing Co, (2010).
 Jeong, Chan-Jung, and Bae, Myung-jin, A Study on the Classification of Amazed Sounds, The Acoustical Society of Korea, 2007 Annual Meeting of the Acoustical Society of Korea, ISSN 1225-441x, 36 (2007) 57-58.
 Seong-Geon Bae, Myung-Sook Kim, and Myung-Jin Bae, Using High Frequency Accentuation in Speech Signals as a New Parameter in Intoxication Judgment. Information, An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 17 (2014) 6531-6536.
 Seong-Geon Bae, Myung-Jin Bae, A New Speech Coding using Harmonics Emphasis Filter, ISAAC 2013, AACL, 1(2013) 43-44.
 Seong-geon Bae, Myungsook Kim, Myungjin Bae, On Evaluating Various Music Genre for Relieving Symptoms of Depression, IJCC2016, Advanced and Applied Convergence letters(ISSN 2288-6060), Hanoi, Vietnam, Jan. AACL07 (2016) 247-248, 18-22.
 Thuppil V, Coss RG. 2012 Using threatening sounds as a conservation tool: evolutionary bases for managing human-elephant conflict in India. J. Int. Wildl. Law Policy, 15 (2016) 167.