Blockchain: Transforming Supply Chain Management Amidst Covid-19

Blockchain: Transforming Supply Chain Management Amidst Covid-19

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-6
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Saikat Mazumder, Amiya Bhaumik
DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I6P212

How to Cite?

Saikat Mazumder, Amiya Bhaumik, "Blockchain: Transforming Supply Chain Management Amidst Covid-19," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 100-105, 2022. Crossref,

The COVID-19 outbreak has affected many supply chain segments and highlighted the importance of building a single-source Blockchain-based pandemic patient records management system to solve several current and future difficulties. Blockchains, crucially, provide a plug-and-play form of interconnectivity that may act as a foundation for many other enabling technologies facilitating the implementation of artificial intelligence for demanding healthcare services. The formation of this literature allows us to discover various new research concerns and conceptual frameworks. Blockchain-based technologies are being developed to combat this COVID-19 outbreak by using authentication techniques and methods for contact tracing and a system for sharing data, transferring information, and application interface for research purposes. Supply chain management, including an important concept of Logistics for smooth supply of medications, emergency aid, and a potential vaccine, can be effectively planned using blockchain technology. In this paper, several studies have been undertaken on the mentioned topic because the need for a comprehensive review study that identifies the gaps and limitations of existing research and possibilities and objectives for future research is significant in this new normal.

Blockchain, COVID-19, Healthcare applications, Logistics, Supply chain management.

[1] J. M. Song, J. Sung, and T. Park, Applications of Blockchain to Improve Supply Chain Traceability. Procedia Computer Science,162 (2019) 119–122. Doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2019.11.266.
[2] H. R. Lourenço, Metaheuristic Optimization via Memory and Evolution Tabu Search and Scatter Search, ser. Operations Research/Computer Science Interfaces Series, Rego, Cesar; Alidaee, Bahram (Eds.), 30 (2005) 329-356.
[3] R. C. Vara, J. Prieto, F. D. l. Prieta, J. M. Corchado, How Blockchain improves the supply chain: case study alimentary supply chain, Procedia Computer Science. 134 (2018) 393-398.
[4] B. Mukri, Blockchain Technology in Supply Chain Management: A Review, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 5 (6) (2018) 2497- 2500. e-ISSN: 2395-0056.
[5] G. Capece, D. Passiatore, Blockchain during COVID-19: The Technology to Help Society. Sustainability. 13(18) (2021) 10478.
[6] D. S. Siddiqui, D. A. Coelho, COVID-19 Impact on the Logistics Industry, Jönköping University: School of Engineering, Industrial Engineering: Sustainable Supply Chain Managemen, (2020).
[7] S. Gunessee, N. Subramanian, Ambiguity and its coping mechanisms in supply chains lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic and natural disasters. Int. J. Oper. Prod. Manag. ahead-of-print, (2020) 1–23. doi: 10.1108/IJOPM-07-2019-0530.
[8] E. Mazareanu, Coronavirus: impact on the transportation and logistics industry worldwide, Statista (2020) [Online]. Available:
[9] S. K. Paul, P. Chowdhury, A production recovery plan in manufacturing supply chains for a high-demand item during COVID-19. Int. J. Phys. Distrib. Logistics. Manag. (2020) 1–22. doi: 10.1108/IJPDLM-04-2020-0127.
[10] S. K. Chaharsooghi, and J. Heydari, A study on the impact of Lead Time statistical specifications on Supply Chain performance under uncertainty. International Journal of Mechatronics and Manufacturing Systems, 4(1) (2011) 95-112. Doi: 10.1504/IJMMS.2011.038002.
[11] K. Muduli, R. Raut, B. E. Narkhede, H. Shee, Blockchain Technology for Enhancing Supply Chain Performance and Reducing the Threats Arising from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability, 14(6) (2022).
[12] P. Treleaven, R. G. Brown, D. Yang, Blockchain Technology in Finance. Computer (Long Beach Calif) 50(9) (2017) 14–17. Doi:10.1109/MC.2017.3571047.
[13] H. M. Kim, M. Laskowski, Towards an Ontology-Driven Blockchain Design for Supply Chain Provenance, Wiley Online Library, 25(1) (2018) 18-27.
[14] A. J. Pagano, F. Romagnoli, E. Vannucci, Implementation of Blockchain Technology in Insurance Contracts Against Natural Hazards: A Methodological Multi-Disciplinary Approach. Environ. Clim. Technol. 23(3) (2019) 211–229. DOI:
[15] Z. Alsaed, R. Khweiled, M. Hamad, E. Daraghmi, O. Cheikhrouhou, W. Alhakami, H. Hamam, Role of Blockchain Technology in Combating COVID-19 Crisis. Appl. Sci. 11(2021) 12063. app112412063.
[16] A. Kalla, T. Hewa, R. A. Mishra, M. Ylianttila, M. Liyanage, The Role of Blockchain to Fight Against COVID-19. IEEE Eng. Manag. Rev. 48 (2020) 85–96. ID: covidwho-826839.
[17] A. M. Maha, Blockchain Adoption Opportunities in Healthcare Sector. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 68 (10) (2020) 117-120, doi: 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V68I10P220.
[18] D. S. W. Ting, L. Carin, V. Dzau, T. Y. Wong, Digital technology and COVID-19. Nat Med. 26(4) (2020) 459-461. doi:10.1038/s41591-020-0824-5.
[19] S. Mahmood, K. Hasan, M. C. Carras, A. Labrique, Global preparedness against COVID-19: we must leverage the power of digital health. JMIR Public Health Surveill, 6(2) (2020). Doi: 10.2196/18980.
[20] J. Bay, J. Kek, A. Tan, & C. S. Hau, BlueTrace: A privacy-preserving protocol for community-driven contact tracing across borders, (2020).
[21] S. M. Idrees, M. Nowostawski, R. Jameel, Blockchain-based digital contact tracing apps for COVID-19 pandemic management: issues, challenges, solutions, and future directions. JMIR Med Inform 9(2) (2021). Doi: 10.2196/25245.
[22] M. Eisenstadt, M. Ramachandran, N. Chowdhury, A. Third, J. Domingue, COVID-19 antibody test/vaccination certification: there’s an app for that. IEEE Open J Eng Med Biol, 1 (2020) 148–155. Doi: 10.1109/OJEMB.2020.2999214.
[23] H. R. Hasan, K. Salah, R. Jayaraman, J. Arshad, I. Yaqoob, M. Omar, et al. Blockchain-based Solution for COVID-19 Digital Medical Passports and Immunity Certificates. TechRxiv. Preprint, (2020),
[24] A. Bansal, C. Garg, R.P. Padappayil, Optimizing the implementation of COVID-19 “immunity certificates” using Blockchain. J Med Syst, 44(9) (2020) 140. Doi: 10.1007/s10916-020-01616-4.
[25] A. E. Maroun, J. Daniel, D. Zowghi, and A. Talaei-Khoei, 'Blockchain in supply chain management: Australian manufacturer case study’. In Lam, H.P., and Mistry, S. (Eds). ‘Service research and innovation’. 7th Australian Symposium, ASSRI, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Springer Nature, (2019) 93-107.
[26] B. Mukri, Blockchain Technology in Supply Chain Management: A Review, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056, 5(6) (2018).
[27] M. Bodas, K. Peleg, Self-Isolation Compliance In The COVID-19 Era Influenced By Compensation: Findings From A Recent Survey In Israel, Health Aff (Millwood) 39 (6) (2020) 936–941, doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00382.
[28] M. J. Keeling, T. D. Hollingsworth, J. M. Read, Efficacy of contact tracing for the containment of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) J Epidemiol Community Health, 74 (10) (2020) 861–866, doi: 10.1136/jech-2020-214051.
[29] Q. Xia, E. B. Sifah, K.O. Asamoah, J. Gao, X. Du, M. Guizani. MeDShare: Trust-Less Medical Data Sharing Among Cloud Service Providers via Blockchain, IEEE Access, 5 (2017) 14757–14767, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2730843.
[30] A. Khurshid, Applying Blockchain Technology to Address the Crisis of Trust During the COVID-19 Pandemic, JMIR Med Inform, 8 (9) (2020), doi:10.2196/20477.
[31] J. Abeler, M. Bäcker, U. Buermeyer, H. Zillessen, COVID-19 Contact Tracing and Data Protection Can Go Together, JMIR mHealth uHealth, 8(4) (2020), doi: 10.2196/19359.
[32] C. Timberg, D. Harwell, Government efforts to track virus through phone location data complicated by privacy concerns, The Washington Post, (2020) [Online]. Available:
[33] M. Jones, M. Johnson, M. Shervey, J. T. Dudley, N. Zimmerman, Privacy-Preserving Methods for Feature Engineering Using Blockchain: Review, Evaluation, and Proof of Concept, J Med Internet Res. 21(8) (2019). doi: 10.2196/13600.
[34] L. Xu, N. Shah, L. Chen, N. Diallo, Z. Gao, Y. Lu, and W. Shi, Enabling the Sharing Economy: Privacy Respecting Contract based on Public Blockchain. In Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Blockchain, Cryptocurrencies and Contracts (BCC '17). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, (2017) 15–21. DOI: