A Study on Voice Changes due to Wearing a Mask by COVID-19

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-7
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Ik-Soo Ahn
DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I7P209

How to Cite?

Ik-Soo Ahn, "A Study on Voice Changes due to Wearing a Mask by COVID-19 " International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 7, pp. 79-87, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I7P209

Abstract
People worldwide suffer from the long-term pain of having to wear a mask for a long time when fighting a long-term battle with COVID-19. Nevertheless, the situation is even more difficult as people must fulfill their respective roles in all areas of society. In particular, voice actors and announcers who have to deliver their voice through broadcasting are in a situation where they are contemplating whether they should continue to work while wearing a mask or take them off. From that point of view, in this paper, we studied how much difference in voice change between wearing a mask and not wearing a mask is caused when recording through a microphone. Depending on the person, there was a big difference or a little difference in each case, but in general, when not wearing a mask, when wearing a dental mask, or when wearing a KF94 mask, the voice became weaker in that order. There was no difference according to gender, but the younger the age, the less the difference was due to wearing the mask, and the older the age, the greater the change in voice due to wearing the mask. However, for those who usually had a clear voice, there was not much difference between wearing a mask and not wearing a mask. In conclusion, it is judged that among those who use their voice for broadcasting, those with distinct voice energy can record wearing a dental mask.

Keywords
COVID-19, Virus, Dental mask, KF94 mask, Voice, Microphone, Broadcasting.

Reference
[1] Jae-Yeon Jung, Kangchanhyeok, Seong Yuchan, Se Hyeok Jang, LEE JOO YOUNG, “Effects of Wearing COVID-19 Protective Face Masks on Respiratory, Cardiovascular Responses and Wear Comfort During Rest and Exercise,” Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing Industry, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 862-872, 2020.
[2] Kim Dong Hwan, Soomin Cho, “The Dilemma of Mask Policy for COVID-19:Response to the Dilemma and Standards,” Korea University Institute of Government Studies, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 139-158, 2021.
[3] Raghavendra Tirupathi, Kavya Bharathidasan, Venkataraman Palabindala, Sohail Abdul Salim, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, “Comprehensive Review of Mask Utility and Challenges During the COVID-19 Pandemic,” Infections in Medicine, Suppl, vol.1, pp. 57-63, 2020.
[4] Alessandro Pezzini, Alessandro Padovani, “Lifting the Mask on Neurological Manifestations of COVID-19,” Nature Reviews Neurology, vol. 16, pp. 636–644, 2020.
[5] Jiao Wang, Lijun Pan, Song Tang, John S.Ji, Xiaoming Shi, “Mask use during COVID-19: A Risk Adjusted Strategy,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 266, no. 1, 2020.
[6] Jennifer L. Scheid, Shannon P. Lupien, Gregory S. Ford, Sarah L. West, “Commentary: Physiological and Psychological Impact of Face Mask Usage during the COVID-19 Pandemic,” in. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 14, no. 18, 2020.
[7] Cornelia Betsch, Lars Korn, Philipp Sprengholz, Lisa Felgendreff, Sarah Eitze, Philipp Schmid, Robert Böhm, “Social and Behavioral Consequences of Mask Policies During the COVID-19 Pandemic,” Edited by Douglas S. Massey, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, and Approved , vol. 117, no. 36, pp. 21851-21853, 2020.
[8] B. F. Maier, D. Brockmann, “Effective Containment Explains Subexponential Growth in Recent Confirmed COVID-19 Cases in China,” Science, vol. 368, pp. 742–746, 2020.
[9] T Li, Y Liu, M Li, X Qian, SY Dai, “Mask or No Mask for COVID-19: A Public Health and Market Study,” Plos One, 2020, [Online]. Available: journals.plos.org
[10] D.Lepelletier, B.Grandbastien, S.Romano-Bertrand, S.Aho, C.Chidiac, J.F.Géhanno, F.Chauvin, “For the French Society for Hospital Hygiene and the High Council for Public Health, What Face Mask for What Use in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic? The French Guidelines,” Journal of Hospital Infection, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 414-418, 2020.
[11] Susanna Esposito, Nicola Principi, “To Mask or Not to Mask Children to Overcome COVID-19,” European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 179, pp. 1267–1270, 2020.
[12] Emily E. Sickbert-Bennett, James M. Samet, Phillip W. Clapp, “Filtration Efficiency of Hospital Face Mask Alternatives Available for Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic,” JAMA Internal Medicine, vol. 180, no. 12, 2020.
[13] Jagdesh Kumar, Muhammad Soughat Katto, Adeel A. Siddiqui, Badaruddin Sahito, Muhammad Jamil, Nusrat Rasheed, Maratib Ali, “Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Healthcare Workers Regarding the Use of Face Mask to Limit the Spread of the New Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19),” 2020.
[14] James R Mahalik , Michael Di Bianca, Michael P Harris, “Men's Attitudes Toward Mask-Wearing During COVID-19: Understanding the Complexities of Mask-Ulinity,” Journal of Health Psychology, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 1187–1204, 2022.
[15] Xuyu Chen, Li Ran, Qing Liu, Qikai Hu, Xueying Du, Xiaodong Tan, Hand Hygiene, “Mask-Wearing Behaviors and Its Associated Factors during the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Cross-Sectional Study among Primary School Students in Wuhan, China,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 17, pp. 2893, 2020.
[16] Ma Q.X, Shan H, Zhang H.L, Li G.M, Yang R.M, Chen J.M, “Potential Utilities of Mask-Wearing and Instant Hand Hygiene for Fighting SARS-CoV-2,” J. Med. Virol, vol. 10, 2020.
[17] A. Juels, "RFID Security and Privacy: A Research Survey," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 381-394, 2006.
[18] Sim S.W, Moey K.S.P, Tan N.C, “The Use of Facemasks to Prevent Respiratory Infection: A Literature Review in the Context of the Health Belief Model,” Singap. Med. J, vol. 55, pp. 160-167, 2014.
[19] Hong Sung-Hoon and Bae Myung-Jin, "A Study on the Sounds that Raise the Concentration," IEICE Conference on Autumn 2007, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 671-672, 2007.
[20] Seong-Geon Bae, Myung-Jin Bae, “A New Speech Coding using Harmonics Emphasis Filter,” ISAAC 2013, AACL, vol. 1, pp.43-44, 2013.
[21] Seong-geon Bae, Myungsook Kim, Myungjin Bae, “On Evaluating Various Music Genre for Relieving Symptoms of Depression,” IJCC2016, Advanced and Applied Convergence letters, Hanoi, Vietnam, vol. AACL07, pp. 247-248, 2016.
[22] Seong-Geon Bae, Myung-Sook Kim, and Myung-Jin Bae, “Using High-Frequency Accentuation in Speech Signals as a New Parameter in Intoxication Judgment. Information,” An International Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 17, pp. 6531-6536, 2014.
[23] Cho, Kyu-Young and Kim, Yun-hee, "Influencing Factors of Smartphone Addiction in College Students," Journal of the Korean Academic Society of Industrial Science, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1632-1640, 2014