Microstrip-Fed 3.04 -10.77 GHz UWB Patch Antenna Design Using CMA and Parametric Study

Microstrip-Fed 3.04 -10.77 GHz UWB Patch Antenna Design Using CMA and Parametric Study

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-7
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Pranav Bhatt, Komal R. Borisagar, Bhavin Sedani, Nirali Kotak
DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I7P225

How to Cite?

Pranav Bhatt, Komal R. Borisagar, Bhavin Sedani, Nirali Kotak, "Microstrip-Fed 3.04 -10.77 GHz UWB Patch Antenna Design Using CMA and Parametric Study" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 7, pp. 250-259, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I7P225

This paper proposes the design of an Ultra-wideband antenna covering the entire UWB spectrum. The antenna geometry contains a rectangular stepped patch, FR-4 substrate, and uniquely truncated partial ground plane. All the designs, simulations, and optimizations for the proposed work are done with the help of ANSYS Electronics Desktop 2020 R2. The design process uses characteristic mode analysis (CMA) and parametric analysis. The performance of the proposed antenna is reported with the help of the reflection coefficient curve, voltage standing wave ratio, and smith chart. The designed antenna offers an impedance bandwidth of 7.73GHz (3.04-10.77GHz) for return loss <-10dB.

Characteristic mode analysis, Partial ground plane, Patch antenna, Step-in change width, UWB.

[1] F. Nekoogar, “Ultra-Wideband Communications: Fundamentals and Application,” 1st ed., Hoboken: Pren. Hall, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-17, 2005.
[2] B. Allen, M. Dohler, E. E. Okon, W. Q. Malik, A. K. Brown, and D. J. Edwards, “Ultra-Wideband Antennas and Propagation for Communications, Radar and Imaging,” 1st ed., Chichester, England: JW&S Ltd, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-15, 2006.
[3] B. Silva, Z. Pang, J. Åkerberg, J. Neander and G. Hancke,” Experimental study of UWB-based high precision localization for industrial applications,” in 2014 IEEE International Conference on Ultra-Wideband, vol.1, no.12 , pp. 280-285.
[4] A. Ramos, A. Lazaro, D. Girbau, and R. Villarino, “RFID and Wireless Sensors Using Ultra-Wideband Technology,” 1st ed., United Kingdom: Elsevier Ltd, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-18, 2016.
[5] 2015. arXiv website. [Online]. Available: https://arxiv.org/pdf/0911.1681.pdf
[6] H. Yoshioka, L. Yang, E. Tammam, and K. Yoshitomi, “A highly compact dual-band WLAN/UWB monopole antenna,” IEICE Elec. Exp. Vol.9, no.3, pp. 160-164, 2012.
[7] J. Deng, S. Hou, L. Zhao and L. Guo, “Wideband-to-Narrowband Tunable Monopole Antenna With Integrated Bandpass Filters for UWB/WLAN Applications,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Lett. Vol.16 , pp. 2734-2737, 2017.
[8] X. Shan and Z. Shen, “Miniaturized UHF/UWB Tag Antenna for Indoor Positioning Systems,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Lett, Vol.18, no.12, pp. 2453-2457, 2019.
[9] D. Manteuffel and R. Martens, “Compact Multimode Multielement Antenna for Indoor UWB Massive MIMO,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no.7, pp. 2689-2697, 2016.
[10] D. Potti, Y. Tusharika, M. G. N. Alsath, S. Kirubaveni, M. Kanagasabai, R. Sankararajan, S. Narendhiran, and P. B. Bhargav, “A Novel Optically Transparent UWB Antenna for Automotive MIMO Communications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.69, no.7, pp. 3821-3828, 2021.
[11] R. Garbacz and R. Turpin, “A generalized expansion for radiated and scattered fields,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag, vol.19, no.3, pp. 348-358, 1971.
[12] C. Wang and Y. Chen, “Characteristic Modes: Theory and Applications in Antenna Engineering”, 1st ed., Hoboken: JW&S Ltd, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-20.
[13] M. B. Perotoni, F. A. A. da Silva, and L. A. da Silva, “Characteristic Mode Analysis applied to antennas,” Rev. Bras. Ensino Fís, vol.42, no.1, pp. 1-5, 2020.
[14] A. C. Suresh and T. S. Reddy, “Design of Corona Shaped 2x2 UWB-MIMO Antenna Using Characteristics Mode Analysis,” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol.70, no.2 , pp.260-269, 2022.
[15] R. Mittra, Ed., “Applications of the characteristic mode theory to antenna design, Developments in Antenna Analysis and Design,” London, United Kingdom: SciTech Publishing, vol.1, no.1 , pp.1-31, 2018.
[16] R. Mittra, Ed., “Design of antennas mounted on complex platforms using the characteristic mode (CM) and characteristic basis (CB) function methods, Developments in Antenna Analysis and Design,” London, United Kingdom: SciTech Publishing, vol.1, no.2, pp. 31- 74, 2018.
[17] A. Mohanty and B. R. Behera, “Characteristics Mode Analysis: A review of Its Concepts, Recent Trends,” State-of-the-Art Developments and Its Interpretation with a Fractal UWB MIMO Antenna, PIER B, vol. 92, no.1 , pp.19-45, 2021.
[18] W. Li, Y. Liu, J. Li, L. Ye, and Q. H. Liu, “Modal Proportion Analysis in Antenna Characteristic Mode Theory,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. Vol.20, no.19, pp. 1-10, 2019.
[19] “Characteristic mode analysis: eigenvalue analysis of antenna structures,” 2007. [Online]. Available: https://cerfacs.fr/wpcontent/uploads/2016/03/rahola.pdf
[20] D. A. Strohschein, “Application of characteristic mode analysis to variable antenna placement on devices operating in the near -resonant range,” Ph.D. thesis, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NC, 2002.
[21] M. Cabedo-Fabres, E. Antonino-Daviu, A. Valero-Nogueira, and M. F. Bataller, “The theory of characteristic modes revisited: A contribution to the design of antennas for modern applications,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag, vol.49, no.5, 52-68, 2007.
[22] D. Wen, Y. Hao, H. Wang, and H. Zhou, “Design of a Wideband Antenna with Stable Omnidirectional Radiation Pattern Using the Theory of Characteristic Modes,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag, vol.65, no.5, pp. 2671-2676, 2017.
[23] S. K. Jain, S. Toshniwal, R. Purohit, “Design and Analysis of Rectangular Microstrip Antenna using Slotted Substrate Structure to Minimize Fabrication Error,” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol.15, no.9, pp.434-443, 2014.
[24] P. Kumar, N. Thakur, A. Sanghi, “Micro strip Patch Antenna for 2.4 GHZ Wireless Applications,” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol.4, no.8, pp.3544-3547, 2013.
[25] A. M. Ali, M. A. Al Ghamdi, M. M. Iqbal, S. Khalid, H. Aldabbas, and S. Saeed, “Next-generation UWB antennas gadgets for human health care using SAR,” EURASIP J. Wireless Com. Network, vol.33, pp.1-20, 2021.
[26] C.-X. Zhang, Y.-Q. Zhuang, X.-K. Zhang, and L. Hu, “An UWB microstrip antenna array with novel corporate-fed structure,” Prog. In Electromagn. Res. C., vol.52, pp.7-12, 2014.
[27] A. A. Ibrahim and R. M. Shubair, “Reconfigurable band-notched UWB antenna for cognitive radio applications,” in 16th Mediterranean Microwave Symposium, vol.41 , pp.14-16,2016.
[28] A. R. Hamza, A. Al-Hindawi, and H. I. Azeez, “Design and Analysis of Textile ISM/UWB Antenna for On-Body Communications,” J. Modelling Simulation Antennas Propag, vol.2, no.1, pp. 7-12, 2016.