Installation Criteria for a 5G Technology Cellular Base Station Modernization

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-7
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Wilmer Vergaray Mendez, Sebastian Ramos Cosi, Laberiano Andrade-Arenas
DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I7P232

How to Cite?

Wilmer Vergaray Mendez, Sebastian Ramos Cosi, Laberiano Andrade-Arenas, "Installation Criteria for a 5G Technology Cellular Base Station Modernization" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 7, pp. 310-318, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I7P232

Abstract
The Non-Standalone (NSA) 5G standard based 5G network deployment has become both a worldwide competition and a need. At the regional level, many countries have adapted their traditional networks to the new 5G technology era. Peru is one of those countries; at the beginning of 2021, the Ministry of transport and communication (MTC) authorized two Peruvian government mobile operators to use the electromagnetic spectrum to provide this service. In this research, employing analysis and study-based methodology, the conditions of the typical cellular base station of the mobile operator were evaluated, finding that the majority of those have 2G/3G/4G technology, so infrastructure, transmission medium, and electrical station system are usually only designed to accommodate this equipment. Due to this, it was proposed to follow an installation criteria series. The results of this study showed that the typical operator networks are not prepared to have the new technology. To overcome the shortcomings, it is needed to make modifications, such as structure evaluation and possible tower reinforcement, migrating from a mixed transmission medium, microwave radio links, and optical fiber links to a transmission medium composed totally of optical fiber, increasing the electrical power that supplies new 5G equipment, since it is at its limit with current equipment. Additionally, the study and analysis in this research will help various mobile operators to incoming the 5G networks implementation and deploy the network without performance inconveniences.

Keywords
5G Standard NSA, Mobile networks, Installation criteria, Station base cellular.

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