Development of Hybrid Photovoltaic and Thermoelectric Generator for Energy Harvesting

Development of Hybrid Photovoltaic and Thermoelectric Generator for Energy Harvesting

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-8
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Norain Sahari, Zuraidah Ngadiron, Zulkifli Azman, Nur Basirah Mustapha, Noramin Ismail
DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I8P230

How to Cite?

Norain Sahari, Zuraidah Ngadiron, Zulkifli Azman, Nur Basirah Mustapha, Noramin Ismail, "Development of Hybrid Photovoltaic and Thermoelectric Generator for Energy Harvesting," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 8, pp. 284-291, 2022. Crossref,

Solar cells are devices that generate energy from the sun. Solar radiation strikes a photovoltaic (PV) panel capable of collecting and converting the light it receives into electrical energy. In this study, the hybrid's output power equals the total maximum output power produced by the PV module and the thermoelectric (TE) generator devices. It has been researched that there will be an unusable waste of energy from the heat. Furthermore, the solar radiation can also cause the PV panel to warm up, reducing its production efficiency. Hence, to improve the effectiveness of the system's energy harvesting, this heat production was utilised using a TE generator. This study aims to develop a hybrid PV-TE generator for electrical energy harvesting and compare the efficiency of energy harvesting by individual solar panels and hybrid PV-TE generators. Three types of PV modules are used: PV Standalone, PV-TE Generator and PV-TE Generator with the heat sink. When the thermoelectric generator's body reacts with heat, it generates current and voltage, as shown on the digital multimeter and the digital temperature sensor. The output voltage and current are measured based on the total output of the solar panel and TEG module. In this study, the TEG produced more voltages as the temperature rose. Compared to stand-alone solar PV, the total efficiency of combining TEG with solar PV is improved.

Image De-noising, Vector median filter, Isolated vector median filter, Basic vector directional filter, Directional distance filter, Directional vector median filter, Isolated vector minimum distance filter.

[1] Pradeep, J., Krishnakumar, S., & Sowmiya, M, “Hybrid energy harvesting system using IOT,” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol.923, no.1, 2020..
[2] Popovici, C. G., Hudişteanu, S. V., Mateescu, T. D., & Cherecheş, N. C, “Efficiency Improvement of Photovoltaic Panels by Using Air Cooled Heat Sinks,” Energy Procedia, vol.85, pp.425–432, 2016.
[3] Li, G., Shittu, S., Diallo, T. M. O., Yu, M., Zhao, X., & Ji, J, “ A review of solar photovoltaic-thermoelectric hybrid system for electricity generation,” Energy, vol.158, pp. 41–58, 2018.
[4] Vijayalakshmi, R., Pratheeba, C., Sathyasree, K., Ravichandran, V, “ Challenges, Issues and Solution for Hybrid Solar Pv and Wind Power Generation With Off-Grid Integration,” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol.68, no.3, pp.18-21, 2020.
[5] Jadin, M. S., Setapa, N. A., & Mohamed, A. I, “ Development of Hybrid Thermoelectric and Photovoltaic Power Generation,” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol.10, no.22, 2015.
[6] Jeyashree, Y., Hepsiba, P. B., Indirani, S., Savio, A. D., & Sukhi, Y, “Solar Energy Harvesting using Hybrid Photovoltaic and Thermoelectric Generating System. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol.13, no.9, pp. 5935–5944, 2017.
[7] Sahin, A. Z., Ismaila, K. G., Yilbas, B. S., & Al-Sharafi, A, “A Review on the Performance of Photovoltaic/Thermoelectric Hybrid Generators,” International Journal Of Energy Research, vol.44, no.5, pp.3365–3394, 2020.
[8] Ruzaimi, A., Shafie, S., Hassan, W. Z. W., Azis, N., Ya’Acob, M. E., & Supeni, E. E, “Photovoltaic Panel Temperature and Heat Distribution Analysis for Thermoelectric Generator Application,” 2018 IEEE 5th International Conference on Smart Instrumentation, Measurement and Application, ICSIMA 2018, pp. 28–30, 2019.
[9] Rodrigo, P. M., Valera, A., Fernandez, E. F., & Almonacid, F. M, “Annual Energy Harvesting of Passively Cooled Hybrid Thermoelectric Generator-Concentrator Photovoltaic Modules,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol.9, no.6, pp.1652–1660, 2019.
[10] Hafez Fouad , "A Highly Efficient 0.18um CMOS Rectifier For Vibrational Energy Harvesting System in Embedded Electronics Design" SSRG International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering 7.8 (2020): 4- 10. Crossref,
[11] T.Ajay Sairam, Mr. T. Vino, T.M.K Rajasekhar, "Power Management Techniques for A Solar-Powered Embedded Device," International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1-5, 2019. Crossref,
[12] Hafez Fouad, et al. "Voltage-Booster for CMOS Wide-Band High-Precision Rectifier of Energy Harvesting for Implantable Medical Devices in Internet of Bodies (IOB) Telemedicine Embedded System" SSRG International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 9, no. 4, Apr. 2022, pp. 19- 30. Crossref,
[13] Mr. Abhinav V. Deshpande, "Energy Harvesting from Piezoelectric Material using Human Motion," International Journal of VLSI & Signal Processing, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 5-8, 2019. Crossref,
[14] Vipin Mehta, Sanjay Kateray, P L Verma, "Calculation Analysis of Heat Transfer on the Surface of Engine Cylinders with Unequal Size of Material and Expanded Surfaces," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-8, 2022. Crossref,