Optimization and Control of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2013 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2013|
|Authors : Satyam Kumar Upadhyay , Sudhanshu Tripathi|
Satyam Kumar Upadhyay , Sudhanshu Tripathi."Optimization and Control of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator ". International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT). V4(6):2737-2745 Jun 2013. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group.
The aim of this paper is to propose a control strategy and also analyse a fairly typical configuration of a wind turbine generating system connected with permanent magnet synchronous generator under varying speed. To reduce output power variations in wind turbine generating system, pitch angle controller of wind turbine has been used broadly. When the wind speed crosses the rated speed pitch angle controller becomes active and control the power and speed to their rated values. To obtain this model multipole PMSG chosen on the place of doubly fed induction gener ator because it offers better performance. PMSG does not have rotor current and also used without gearbox, which intern improves its efficiency, offers less maintenance and also indicates a reduction of the weight of nacelle, size, and reduction of costs. Simulation of VSWTGS is carried out in Matlab / Simulink / Sim Power System.
 “Wind Vision for Canada”, Recommendations fo r Achieving Canada’s Wind Energy Potential, Report by the Canadians Wind Energy Association (CanWEA), June2001, http://www.canwea.ca/Pdfs/CanWEA-WindVision.Pdf.
 Wind Power Monthly, November 2012. http://offlinehbpl.hbpl.co.uk/NewsAttachments/MPW/Indian %20Special%20Report.pdf.
 S. B. Papaefthimiou and S.A. Papathanassiou, “ Simulation and control of a variable speed wind turbine with synchron ous generator,” in CD Rec. XVII (ICEM 2006) , Chania, Crete Island, Greece, Sep. 2–5, 2006, Ref. No. 593.
 A. D. Hansen and G. Michalke, “Modelling and co ntrol of variablespeed multi-pole permanent magnet synchronous generator wind turbine,” Wind Energy , vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 537– 554, 2008, 10.1002/we.278 .
 M. E. Haque, K. M. Muttaqi, and M. Negnevitsky, “Control of a standalone variable speed wind turbine with a PMSG,” in Proc. IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting , Jul. 2008, pp. 20–24.
 M.E. Haque, M. Negnevitsky, and K. M. Muttaqi, “ A novel control strategy for a variable-speed wind turbine with a PMSG,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. , vol.46, no. 1, pp.331–339, Jan/Feb. 2010.
 J.G.Slootweg, S.W.H. de Haan, H.Polinder and W. L. Kling "General Model for Representing Variable Speed Wind Turbines in Power System Dynamics Simulations" IEEE Tran. Power Systems, vol.18, no.1, 2003.
 Seul-ki kim, Eung-Sang Kim, Jong-Bo Ahn, “Modelling a nd Control of a Grid- connected Wind/PV Hybrid Generation System” , IEEE, 2006 .
 Binder A., Schneider T., “Permanent magnet synch ronous generators for regenerative energy conversion – a su rvey”, European Conference on Power Electronics and Applicati ons , EPE 2005, 11-14 Sep., Dresden, Germany, 2005.
 Z. Lubosny “ Wind Turbine Operation in Electric Power Systems”. Berlin, Springer, 2003.
 T. Ackermann, “ Wind Power in Power Systems”. New York, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.
 S. Heier, “ Grid Integration of Wind Energy Conversion Systems”. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998.
 J. L. Rodriguez, J.C. Burgos and L. Amalte. Sistemas Eolicos de Produccion de Energia Electrica. Madrid: Editorial Rueda S.L, 2003.
 C. Krause. Analysis of electric machinery. 2nd Edition. United States of America: Willey, 2002.
 I. Boldea. Synchronous Generators. United States of America: Taylor and Francis, 2006.
 A. Rolan, Alvaro Luna, Gerardo Vazquez, Danie l Aguilar, Gustavo Azevedo, “Modeling of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a PMSG” IEEE (ISlE 2009) Seoul Olympic, Parktel, Seoul, Korea July 5-8, 2009.
 M.Chinchilla, S. Arnaltes and I.C. Burgos, "Contro l of Permanent Magnet Generators applied to Variable Speed Wind Energy Systems connected to the Grid". IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, no.1, 2006.
 G.Ramtharan and N. Jenkins, "Modelling and Control of Synchronous Generators for Wide Range Variable Speed Wind Turbines". Wind Energy, Wiley Interscience, vol. 10, pp.231-246, March 2007.
 A. Kulka, “Pitch and Torque Control of Variable Speed Wind Turbines”, M. S. thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden 2004.
 M. Kesraoui, O. Bencherouda, and Z. Mesbahi, “ Power Control of a PMSG based Wind Turbine System above Rate d Wind Speed”, International Renewable Energy Congress November 5-7, 2010 Sousse, Tunisia
 C. N Bhende, S. Mishra, and Siva Ganesh Malla, “Perm anent Magnet Synchronous-Genarator based Standalone Wind Energy Conversion System”. IEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy Vol. 2, No. 4, October 2011.
Permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG), variable speed wind turbine generating system (VSWTGS), DC bus, voltage control, MATLAB.