Zigbee-based Location System for Forest Search and Rescue Missions

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2014 by IJETT Journal
Volume-11 Number-4
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Dr.K.R.R.Mohanrao , T.Nandini


Dr.K.R.R.Mohanrao , T.Nandini. "Zigbee-based Location System for Forest Search and Rescue Missions", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V11(4),202-207 May 2014. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group


This paper presents the framework of a ZigBee based rescue robot for missing people in forest environment. We will give RFID tag to each and every person who will enter into the forest and will give GSM, fire sensor, GPS, and ZigBee modules to all nearby trees in forest. If microcontroller detects the persons tag then it will send the information about location of particular person to ROBO through GPS module and RFID reader receives information: forest’s name, longitudinal and latitudinal coordinates from the tag on the closest tree. ROBO will send that information to the control unit through ZigBee. In control unit we operate all this by using lab view and we only manually operate the ROBO in the forest. Finally, the missing victim is localized, and we present a power supply solution using solar energy.


[1] M. Faisal and J. B. Alam, “Low-Cost rescue robot for disaster management in a developing country: development of a prototype using locally available technology,” NASA Langley Research Publications, Document ID: 20100012838, Apr. 2010.
[2] R. Sheh, “The Redback: a low cost advanced mobility robot for education and research,” in the proceedings of IEEE International Workshop on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, 2006.
[3] R. R. Murphy, “Trial by fire [rescue robots],” in IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, Vol. 11, Issue 3, Sept. 2004, pp. 50–61.
[4] O. Unver, “Tankbot: A miniature, peeling based climber on rough and smooth surfaces,” in ICRA IEEE Robotics and Automation, May2009, pp. 2282–2287.
[5] T. Kamegawa, T. Yamasaki and F. Matsuno, “Evaluation of snakelike rescue robot KOHGA for usability of remote control,” in IEEE Safety, Security and Rescue Robotics, Jun. 2005, pp. 25–30.
[6] C.C. Kessens, D.C. Smith and P.R. Osteen, “A framework for autonomous self-righting of a generic robot on sloped planar surfaces,” in IEEE Robotics and Automation, May 2012, pp. 4724–4729.
[7] T. Fincannon, L.E. Barnes, R.R. Murphy and D.L. Riddle, “Evidence of the need for social intelligence in rescue robots,” in IEEE Intelligent Robots and Systems, Vol. 2, Oct. 2004, pp. 1089–1095.
[8] S. Selevan and R. Kwok, “Use of sensors and radio frequency ID for the national children’s study,” Research Triangle Institute Publications, Report No. 08601.001.006, Aug. 2004.
[9] C. Benavente-Peces, V. M. Moracho-Olivia, A. Dominguez-Garcia and M. Lugilde-Rodriguez, “Global system for location and guidanceof disabled people : indoor and outdoor technologies integration,” in IEEE 5th Int. conference on networking and services, 2009.
[10] A. Lhafi, “Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre La Désertification,” [On-line] Available : www.eauxetforets.gov.ma/fr/index.aspx [Oct. 10, 2012].
[11] M. Nassih, I. Cherradi, Y. Maghous, B. Ouriaghli and Y. S. Alj, “Obstacles recognition system for the blind people using RFID,” inIEEE 6th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Applications, Services and Technologies, 2012.
[12] H. D Chon, S. Jun, H. Jung and S. W. An, “Using RFID for accurate positioning,” in Journal of Global Positioning Systems, Vol. 3, No. 1–2, 2004, pp. 32–39.
[13] S. Burion, R. Clavel and I. Nourbakhsh, “Human detection for robotic urban search and rescue,” in EPFL University press, Report No. LSRO2, 2004.
[14] J.M. Rendon-Mancha, A. Cardenas, M.A. Garcia and B. Lara, “ Robot positioning using camera-space manipulation with a linear camera model,” in IEEE Transactions on Robotics, Vol. 26, Issue 4, Aug. 2010, pp. 726–733.
[15] J. Haverinen, M. Parpala and J. Roning, “A miniature mobile robot with a color stereo camera system for swarm robotics research,” in IEEE Robotics and Automation, Apr. 2005, pp. 2483–2486.
[16] M. Shibata and N. Kobayashi, “Image-based visual tracking for moving targets with active setero vision robot,” in SICE-ICASE International joint conference publication, Oct. 2006, pp. 5329–5334.
[17] Q.K. Dang and Y. S. Suh, “Human-following robot using infrared camera,” in IEEE Control, Automation and Systems Conference, Oct. 2011, pp. 1054–1058.
[18] L. Egiziano, N. Femia, G. Lisi, G. Petrone, G, Spagnuolo and M. Vitelli, “Design and optimization of a maximum power point tracking controller for a PV battery charger,” in IEEE Industrial Electronics International Conference, Jun.2007, pp. 2426–2431.
[19] Y. Ke, M. Kang, C. Lai, Y. Chuang, Y. Wu and C. Yu, “Solar power battery charger with a parallel-load resonant converter,” in Industry Applications Society Conference Publications, Print ISBN: 978-1- 4244-9498-9 , Nov. 2011, pp. 1–8.
[20] L. B. Lave, C. T. Hendrickson and F. C. McMichael, “Clean recycling of lead-acid batteries for electric vehicles,” in Journal of Industrial Ecology, vol. II, Issue 4, 2008, pp. 33–37.
[21] G. M. Tina, C. Ventura, P. Arena, L. Patané, A. D. Grasso and M. Pollino, “Design considerations about a photovoltaic power system to supply a mobile robot,” in IEEE Industrial Electronics, Jul. 2010, pp. 1829–1834.
[22] M. Sharon et al, "Solar rechargeable battery," in Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 36, No.7, 1991, pp.1107–1126.
[23] D. S. Ignatova and R. K. Oransky, “Mechatronical approach to investigations of rescue operations,” in IEEE 14th Mechatronika conference, 2011, pp. 103–108.
[24] D. Dondi, A. Bertacchini, D. Brunelli, L. Larcher and L. Benini, “Modeling and Optimization of a Solar Energy Harvester System for Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Networks,” in IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 55, No. 7, Jul. 2008, pp. 2759–2766.
[25]Soukayna Mouatadid, Zineb Fatara, Yassine Salih-Alj, “RFID-based Location System for Forest Search and Rescue Missions”, in IEEE 4th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation, 2013.

LPC1768, ATMEGA 644, GSM module, RFID module, Fire sensor, RF Camera, GPS module, ZigBee module.