Comparative Study of MAC Layer Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2014 by IJETT Journal
Volume-12 Number-1                          
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Rahul R Lanjewar, Dr D S Adane


Rahul R Lanjewar, Dr D S Adane. "Comparative Study of MAC Layer Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V12(1),13-19 June 2014. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is the collection of many small size low cost, battery operated sensor nodes distributed over the targeted region to collect the information of interest. We can say these networks can be a fruitful solution for many applications such as target tracking, intrusion detection etc. Whenever we are talking about MAC layer protocols we need to give stress on energy efficiency factor. There are few other issues like high throughput and delay. In the early development stages, designers were mostly concerned with energy ef?ciency because sensor nodes are usually limited in power supply. Recently, new protocols are being developed to provide multi-task support and ef?cient delivery of bursty traf?c. Therefore, research attention has turned back to throughput and delay. Designing an efficient MAC layer protocol is an important task as it coordinates all the nodes to the share the wireless medium. In [3] classification of MAC layer protocols is carried out in four categories viz. Asynchronous, Synchronous, Frame-Slotted and Multichannel. We are carrying the same classification. In our survey we have compared different MAC protocols in terms of energy efficiency, data delivery mechanisms and overhead to maintain a protocol along with their advantages and disadvantages.


[1] I.F.Akyildiz, W.Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Cayirci, “A survey on sensor networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 102–114, 2002.
[2] Joseph Kabara and Maria Calle, “MAC Protocols Used by Wireless Sensor Networks and a General Method of Performance Evaluation” Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks Volume 2012, Article ID 834784, 11 pages doi:10.1155/2012/834784
[3] Pei Huang, Li Xiao, Soroor Soltani, Matt W. Mutka, and Ning Xi, “The Evolution of MAC Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey”, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Vol. 15, No. 1, First Quarter 2013
[4] Giorgio Corbelliniy, Cedric Abgrall, Emilio Calvanese Strinati and Andrzej Duda,” Energy Evaluation of Preamble Sampling MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks”, arXiv:1109.6531v [stat.OT] 29 Sep 2011
[5] M. Riduan Ahmad, Eryk Dutkiewicz and Xiaojing Huang,” A Survey of Low Duty Cycle MAC Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Emerging Communications for Wireless Sensor Networks, (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-082-7, 2011
[6] Wei Ye, Fabio Silva, and John Heidemann, “Ultra-Low Duty Cycle MAC with Scheduled Channel Polling”, SenSys’06, November 1–3, 2006, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
[7] G. Zhou, C. Huang, T. Yan, T. He, J. A. Stankovic, and T. F. Abdelzaher, “Mmsn: Multi-frequency media access control for wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom, 2006.25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications Proceedings.
[8] X. Xu, J. Luo, and Q. Zhang, “Design of non-orthogonal multi-channel sensor networks.” in Proc. ICDCS, 2010, pp. 358–367.
[9] A. Mishra,V. Shrivastava, S. Banerjee, and W. Arbaugh, “Partially overlapped channels not considered harmful”, in Proc. SIGMETRICS, 2006, pp. 63–74.
[10] Ozlem Durmaz Incel , Lodewijk van Hoesel, Pierre Jansen, and Paul Havinga, “MC-LMAC: A multi-channel MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks”, Ad Hoc Networks 9 in ScienceDirect (2011) 73–94
[11] Carlene E-A Campbell, “An Efficient Multichannel Wireless Sensor Networks MAC Protocol based on IEEE 802.11 Distributed Coordinated Function”, January 2011
[12] GholamHossein EkbataniFard “Multi-channel Medium Access Control Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey”, Department of Computer Engineering, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Guilan, Iran, 2011.
[13] Holger Karl, Andreas Willig, “Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks”, University of Paderborn, GERMANY and Hasso-Plattner-Institute at the University of Potsdam, GERMANY, 2005.
[14] Youngmin Kim, Hyojeong Shin, and Hojung Cha, “Y-MAC: An Energy-efficient Multi-channel MAC Protocol for Dense Wireless Sensor Networks”,International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (2008).
[15] Md. Abdul Hamid, M. Abdullah-Al-Wadud, Ilyoung Chong, “A Schedule-based Multi-channel MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks”, Sensors 2010, 10, 9466-9480; doi: 10.3390/s101009466.
[16] Rana Diab, Gérard Chalhoub , Michel Misson, “Overview on Multi-Channel Communications in Wireless Sensor Networks” , Network Protocols and Algorithms ISSN 1943-3581 2013, Vol. 5, No. 3.
[17] I. Rhee, A. Warrier, M. Aia, and J. Min, “Z-mac: a hybrid mac for wireless sensor networks,” in SenSys ’05: Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2005, pp. 90–101.
[18] M. Ringwald and K. R¨omer, “Burstmac – a mac protocol with low idle overhead and high throughput (work in progress),” in Adjunct Proceedings of the 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS’08), Santorini Island, Greece, Jun. 2008.
[19] Jennifer Yick, Biswanath Mukherjee, Dipak Ghosal, “Wireless sensor network survey”, Computer Networks 52 (2008) 2292–2330.


Wireless Sensor Networks, energy efficiency, Medium Access Control, Multichannel, Synchronous, Asynchronous, Frame-Slotted Protocols.