Fire Threat in Buildings

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2014 by IJETT Journal
Volume-12 Number-2                          
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Mrs. Lilly Grace Murali.P , Mr. Sivashanmugam. M


Mrs. Lilly Grace Murali.P , Mr. Sivashanmugam. M . "Fire Threat in Buildings", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V12(2),98-104 June 2014. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group


Fire accident in buildings is a threatening one now a day. The numbers of accidents are increasing in day by day. It creates heavy lives and property losses to the individuals and the nations. To find out the reasons, frequency and giving protection to all type of buildings became challenges to the professionals. A detailed study with analysis required to seek the solution. In this paper the segregation of fire load, the fire load is the main source fire threat and its calculation, the method of fire spread in the buildings are discussed .The last twelve years number of fire accidents, property loss and lives losses are taken as survey. These statistical data are analyzed. The results are discussed. The results demand the proper fire load management to reduce the fire threat and avoid the possibilities of the fire occurrence in the buildings. This paper is concluded with few possible practical solutions to safe guard the building from fire in future.


[1] National building code of India1983 & 2005
[2] National Fire Protection Association code book,
[3] Chennai Development Control Authority Regulation.
[4] Tamil Nadu Fire & Rescue Services department Rules and regulations
[5] V.K Jain, Fire safety in buildings.
[6] National fire safety council guide.
[7] Relevant Indian government Acts and rules
[8] Fire technology text book, fire safety engineering curriculum.
[9] Press reports,
[10] Fire safety research institute-journals


1. Combustion – Fire, 2. Escape routes – corridor and door, 3. Compartmentation – thickness of wall around