Performance and Emission Characteristics of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel Blends

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2014 by IJETT Journal
Volume-13 Number-7                          
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : J.Siva Prasad , V.S.R.Krishna


J.Siva Prasad , V.S.R.Krishna. "Performance and Emission Characteristics of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel Blends", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V13(7),347-350 July 2014. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group


The scarcity of conventional fuels and continuous trend of hike in the prices leads a serious concern to reach for alternative fuels .On other hand there is possibility to reduce pollutants formations taking place significantly in transportation & industrial sector. Several researches have prover proven that the fuels like bio-diesel, bio-mass, alcoholic fuels, hydrogen, non-fossil methane and non-fossil gases(like LPG,CNG) can be used an substitute fuels in place of petro diesel fuel. Generally bio-diesel is the renewable fuel which is derived by chemically reacting with the source of bio diesel like vegetable oils, animal oils, plastics, and waste automobile tyres etc. The chemical reaction requires a catalyst usually a strong acid or base such as sulfuric acid, sodium or potassium hydroxide, and produces a new chemical compounds called methyl or ethyl esters of the vegetable crude oil which is called as bio-diesel. Therefore in the present investigation an attempt is to be made with rice bran oil as substitute fuel. In the initial stage the tests are to be conducted on the 4-stroke single cylinder air cooled direct injection diesel engine. In the second stage experimental investigations are to be carried out on the same engine with same operating parameters by using the rice bran oil blending with diesel in different proportions such as RB35, RB45, RBE35 and RBE45 to determine the performance parameters and emissions. Further investigation carried on base engine with Ethanol and Ethyl Hexyl Nitrate(EHN) as additives to the diesel-biodiesel blends.


[1]. RamPrakash, S.P.Pandey,S.Chatterji, S.N. Singh,” Emission Analysis of CI Engine Using Rice Bran Oil and their Esters”. JERS/Vol.II/ Issue I/2011, pp.173-178.
[2]. B.K.Venkanna, C. Venkataramana Reddy, Swati B Wadawadagi, “Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Direct Injection Diesel Engine Running on Rice Bran Oil / Diesel Fuel Blend”. International Journal of Chemical and Bio molecular Engineering vol 2, No.3, 2009.
[3]. Chandan Kumar, Gajendra Babu MK, Das LM. Experimental investigations on a Karanja oil ester fueled DI diesel engine. SAE Paper No. 2006-01-0238; 2006. p.117–24.
[4]. Ramadhas AS, Muraleedharan C, Jayaraj S. Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil. Renewable Energy 2005;30:1789–800.
[5]. Rukmini, C., and T.C. Raghuram, J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 10: 593-597 (1991). Bhattacharyya, D.K., M.M. Chakrabarty, R.S. Vaidyanathan, A.C Bhatachryya, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc,60: 467-471 (1983).
[6]. Goffman, F.D., S. Pinson, and C. Bergman, Genetic diversity for Lipid Content and Fatty Acid Profilein Rice Bran, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 80: 485-490 (2003).
[7]. Rogers, E.J., S.M. Rice, R.J. Nicolosi, D.R. Carpenter, C.A. Mc Clelland, and L. J. Romanczyk, J.Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 70: 301-305 (1993).
[8]. Puhan Sukumar, Vedaraman N, Sankaranarayanan G, Bharat Ram Boppana V. Performance and emission study of Mahua oil (Madhuca indica oil) ethyl ester in a 4-stroke natural aspirated direct injection diesel engine. Renewable Energy 2005;30:1269–78.
[9]. Hargrove, K.L., Processing and Utilization of Rice Bran in the United States, in Rice Science andTechnology, edited by W.E. Marshall and J.I. Wadsworth, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993, pp.381-404.

Rice Bran Oil, Ethyl Hexyl Nitrate(EHN), Ethanol.