The Investigation of the Effects of the Transesterification Reaction Temperature on the Biodiesel Production Rate: Poultry Fats as a Feedstock
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2015 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2015|
|Authors : Ribwar K. Abdulrahman , Saif T. Manji , Soran D. Jalal
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V19P215|
Ribwar K. Abdulrahman , Saif T. Manji , Soran D. Jalal "The Investigation of the Effects of the Transesterification Reaction Temperature on the Biodiesel Production Rate: Poultry Fats as a Feedstock", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V19(2),78-80 Jan 2015. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
Nowadays, Energy is considered as one of the most important requirements for the economic development for any country. Indeed, almost all life and economic sectors are depended on energy for instanced agriculture, industry, transport and domestic. In fact, several oil and gas reservoirs are depleted every day around the world due to the excessive consumption of fossil fuels; for instance petroleum and coal emit high quantities of carbon dioxide and other toxic gases to the environment and will lead to global warming phenomenon. Therefore, there is a need to explore alternative energy resources which possess trusted properties and heating value. Biodiesel can be considered as quite trusted fuel because of many advantages for instance, reduce the global worming phenomenon and can be produced from cheap feed stocks. Indeed, biodiesel could be produced from many biological resources for example, vegetable oils & animal fats. Thus, this work is aimed to produce a trusted biodiesel from poultry fats and investigate the effects of reaction temperature on the biodiesel yield. Moreover, the study has investigated several process parameters for instance, amount of catalyst and amount of methanol on biodiesel production yield. The produced biodiesel is also subjected into several laboratory tests for example, density, viscosity and cetane value and the results have been compared well with ASTM standards. Indeed, it has been found that it so possible to produce biodiesel from poultry fats. Moreover, it has also found that the transesterification reaction the temperature has huge effects on the biodiesel yield amount and it should be maintained within the range of (45 to 65) ºC
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Biodiesel, bio-fuel, renewable energy, chicken fat, process optimization, transesterification reaction, flash point