Stabilization of Lithomargic Soil Using Cement and Randomly Distributed Waste Shredded Rubber Tyre Chips

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2015 by IJETT Journal
Volume-23 Number-6
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : Shriram Marathe, Bhavani Shankar Rao, Anil Kumar
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V23P253


Shriram Marathe, Bhavani Shankar Rao, Anil Kumar"Stabilization of Lithomargic Soil Using Cement and Randomly Distributed Waste Shredded Rubber Tyre Chips", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V23(6),284-288 May 2015. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group

Lithomargic soil is locally known as Shedi soil, which is found in shallow depth usually under the lateritic soil. These soils tend to destabilize the pavements that are constructed on the embankment or the subgrade made up of lithomargic soil, as they do not have the required shear strength. Thus it is required to improve the engineering properties of this soil before it can be used as a highway material. This soil can be stabilized by various chemical and mechanical means. This paper focuses on the stabilization of the soil using normal 53 grade cement and randomly distributed shredded tyre chips obtained from waste rubber tyres. The rubber when introduced into the lithomargic soil acts as a reinforcing agent and the cement provides the binding aid which fortifies the soil and improves the shear strength by improving the friction component of the latter soil. The modified proctor results have shown the highest value of maximum dry density (MDD) and lowest optimum moisture content (OMC) for the trial mixes, when compacted with 4% shredded rubber pieces and 2% cement, which can be taken as the optimum dosage. The strength is evaluated based on unconfined shear strength and the penetration resistance in terms of California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test for the samples compacted at maximum proctor density for optimum dosage of cement and shredded rubber pieces in the lithomargic soil. The results showed that the lithomargic soil can be effectively stabilized to be used as a highway material to a great extent by making use of waste shredded rubber pieces that would otherwise degrade the environment. This ground modification method is an eco-friendly and cheaper method when compared to other stabilization techniques, using which sustainability with economy can be achieved.


[1] J. Antonio H. Carraro Sustainable stabilization of sulfate-bearing soils with expansive soil rubber technology (Ph.D.), Emily Budagher, Mahir Badanagki, Jong Beom Kang March 2013).
[2] Seda, J. H., L. C. Joon, and J. A. Carraro. Benificial Use of Waste Tire Rubber for Swelling Potential
[3] Mitigation in Expansive Soils. Geotechnical Special Publication 172. Denver: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2007.
[4] Dunham-Friel, J. (2009). Shear Strength and Stiffness of Expansive Soil and Rubber (ESR) Mixtures in Undrained Axisymmetric Compression. MS Thesis, Fort Collins: Colorado State University.
[5] Zhongjie Zhang and Mingjiang Tao (2008), Durability of Cement Stabilized Low Plasticity Soils, Journal of geotechnical and Geo- Environmental engineering, ASCE, February 2008.134:203-213.
[6] Oyediran, I.A. and Kalejaiye, M. (2011). Effect of Increasing Cement Content on Strength and Compaction Parameters of some Lateritic Soils from Southwestern Nigeria. Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 16, 1501-1514.
[7] Gomez, J.L. and Anderson, D.M. (2012). Soil Cement Stabilization - Mix Design, Control and Results during Construction. International Symposium on Ground Improvement Brussels.
[8] Jaritngam, S., Somchainuek, O. and Taneerananon,P .(2012). An investigation of lateritic Soil Cement for Sustainable Pavements. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 5 (11), 3603-3606.
[9] Anil Kumar, Varghese George, Shriram Marathe and Naveen (2015) Strength characteristic of Lateritic soil with varying Silt fractions, International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering(ICETE- 2015), International Conference held in NMAMIT-Nitte, Karnataka, India. May 2015.
[10] George Rowland Otoko and Pere Preye Pedro (2014), Cement Stabilization of Laterite and Chikoko Soils Using Waste Rubber Fibre, International Journal Of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, pp:130-136, October 2014.
[11] Relevant parts of IS: 2720, Indian Standard Codes for testing soil.

Stabilization, Lithomargic soil, Shredded Rubber tyre chips.