A Study on Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of a College Building in India
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2015 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2015|
|Authors : A.R. Dar, S.K.Verma, M. Adil Dar, J. Raju, D. Kr.Ashish
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V24P236|
A.R. Dar, S.K.Verma, M. Adil Dar, J. Raju, D. Kr.Ashish"A Study on Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of a College Building in India", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V24(4),191-197 June 2015. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
The greatest damage to human life and property are caused by earthquakes, they are nature’s greatest hazards. Since earthquakes aren’t preventable we need to design and construct structures that are earthquake resistant. Rehabilitation and mitigation measures are few of the primary measures adopted in many developed countries. In developed countries like Japan the damage caused due to moderate to severe earthquakes are minimal which implies that earth resistant construction techniques are implemented to curb any loss of life and property. In India there are about 80-90% of buildings which are nonengineered and are much vulnerable to damage due to earthquakes. In the state J&K presently the earthquake problem is the most important issue to be given serious consideration as it devastates societies. The Kashmir region has witnessed frequent earthquakes in the past. But the recent earthquakes demonstrated how extremely vulnerable the buildings in this region are. These earthquakes shook the confidence of many Kashmiri in local building materials and even in the techniques they had been using for centuries. This paper presents the survey analysis that is the immediate reaction of the people towards frequent earthquakes in the state. There has been a strong desire to abandon traditional architecture and building systems and adopt cement and steel based construction, but still there are large number of people whose spine has not shaken yet and while construction they do not seem to be aware of threats posed by earthquake. During our interactions with the people we concluded that the main reasons behind their negligence is lack of proper seismic knowledge among skilled workers like masons, carpenters, bar binders and lack of attention shown by government officials. At times even the practicing engineers are not adequately familiar with details of seismic resistant construction.
 Mohammad Adil Dar, A.R. Dar, Saqib Fayaz and Jayalakshmi
Raju, “A Study of
Seismic Safety of District Hospital in Baramullah in J&K”,
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Engineering & Technology (IJCIET), Volume 4, Issue 5, 2013, pp.
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0976 – 6308, ISSN Online: 0976 – 6316.
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Damage, Engineered Buildings, Rehabilitation, Mitigation Measures, Seismic Vulnerability, Earthquake Resistant Construction.