Design and general features of Ray gillnets used in Kanyakumari coast

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2015 by IJETT Journal
Volume-25 Number-3
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : P.S. Muhammed Sherief , Rithin Joseph, Saly N. Thomas, Leela Edwin
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V25P228


P.S. Muhammed Sherief , Rithin Joseph, Saly N. Thomas, Leela Edwin "Design and general features of Ray gillnets used in Kanyakumari coast", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V25(3),150-155 July 2015. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group

Gillnets are the most important indigenous fishing gear operates in inland and marine waters. This paper deals with design and general features of large mesh marine bottom set gillnets called Thirandi Valai or Thirukku valai targeting rays operated in Kanyakumari coast of Tamil Nadu. The gillnet is having a mesh size of 450 mm and is made of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) of 2 mm dia. If not monitored properly the targeted fishing with this net may lead to overfishing of ray species.


1. FAO (1980). Fishing with bottom gillnets. FAO Training Series - No.3, 39 pg
2. CMFRI (2012) Marine fisheries census 2010 Part-I India, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries and Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin, 98 pp
3. FAO, (2013b). Convention on International trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora. Sixteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Bangkok (Thailand), 3?15 March 2013.
4. Sudarsan, D., Sivaprakasan, T. E., Somavanshi, V. S. John, M. E., Nair, K. N. V. and Antony Joseph 1989. An appraisal of the marine fishery resources of the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone, Bull. Fish. Sur. India, 18: 1-82
5. Ninan, T. V., Sivaji, V., Jagannadh, N. and Ramalingam, L, Observations on demersal resources survey between lat 7°N and 11°N along south-west coast, Wadge Bank and Gulf of Mannar during 1988-1990, Bull. Fish. Sur. India, 24: 1992 14-40.
6. Pajot, G. Large pelagic fishing in India,BOBP News No. 51, 1993, 18-20
7. Zhow, K. and X. Wag, 1990. Brief review of passive fishing gears and incidental catches of small Cetaceans in Chinese waters. Document presented to the International whaling commission workshop in mortality of cetaceans in passive fishing nets and traps. La. Jolla, California. October, 1990(SC/090/21)13.pp.
8. Raje, S.G., Grace Mathew, K.K.Joshi, Rekha J. Nair, G.Mohanraj, M. Srinath, S. Gomathy and N.Rudramurthy, Elasmobranch fisheries of India–An Appraisal. (CMFRI Special Publication) 2002 71:76.
9. Mohanraj, G. Rajapackiam, S. Mohan, S. Hameed Batcha and Gomathy S, Status of Elasmobranchs Fishery in Chennai, India. Asian Fisheries Science 22 (2009): 607-615
10. Roy, B.J. 2008, Shark Fisheries Exploitation Trade and Conservation of Bangladesh, Presented in the Convention on Migratory Shark (CMS) 2nd meeting Held on 6-8 December, 2008 at FAO Head Quarter Rome, Italy.
11. Pillai, N.S., Boopendranath, M.R. and Kunjipalu, K.K, Studies on the Suitability of HDPE Material for Gill Nets, Fish. Technol., 26: (1989) 1-3
12. Pravin, P., Remesan, M.P. and George Mathai,P, Gill net fishing in Gujarat. In: Advances and Priorities in Fisheries Technology, edited by Balachandran, K.K.,Iyer,T.S.G., Madhavan, P., Joseph, J., Perigreen, P.A., Raghunath, M.R., & Varghese, M.D.,Eds, (Society of Fisheries Technologists (India), Cochin) 1998, 170-176
13. Rao, S. V. S, Rajeshwari, G. and Raghuprakash, R. (2002) Studies on the gillnets of Andhra Pradesh, Fish.Technol. 39: 15-19
14. Thomas, S.N.,(2010). Gilinet Fishing in India,In: Coastal Fishery Resources of India: Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation (Meenakumari, B., Boopendranath, M.R., Edwin, L., Sankar, T.V., Gopal, N. and Ninan, G., Eds.),p 314-326 , Society of Fisheries Technologists (India), Cochin
15. Fernando Márquez Farias J, Gillnet Mesh Selectivity for the Shovelnose Guitarfish (Rhinobatos productus) from Fishery- Dependent Data in the Artisanal Ray Fishery of the Gulf of California, Mexico. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: (2005). 443–452
16. Thomas, S.N., Meenakumari, B., Pravin, P. and George Mathai, P. (2005) Gill nets in Marine Fisheries of India, 45 p. Monograph, ATIC, CIFT, Cochin.
17. Sreekrishna, Y. and Shenoy, L, Fishing Gear and Craft Technology, (Directorate of Information and Publication of Agriculture. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi), 2001, 242
18. Thomas, S.N. and Hridayanathan, C. (2002) Substitution of polyamide multifilament by polyethylene twisted monofilament in large mesh gill nets Fish Technol. 39 pp 100-106.
19. Nedelec, C. FAO Catalogue of Small Scale Fishing Gear,(Fishing News (Books) Ltd., Farnham, Surrey, England), 1975, 191
20. Dharmad and Fahmi (2014). Biological Aspects, Stock and Conservation Status of Giant Oceanic Manta Ray, Manta birostris in the Indian Ocean. PROCEEDINGS of the Design Symposium on Conservation of Ecosystem (The 13th SEASTAR2000 workshop) (2014), 2: 1-8
21. Manojkumar, P. P. Zacharia P. U. and. Pavithran P. P, Fishery of elasmobranchs with some observations on the biology and stock assessment of Carcharhinus limbatus (P. Muller & Henle, 1839) exploited along Malabar Coast. Indian J. Fish., 59(4): (2012) 35-41
22. Chaidee, P., Darumas, N., Chamasont, O., Sada, M. N., Jayasinghe, R. P. K., Chinthaka, K. S. D., Sein A.W, Nalla, J and Thapanand-Chaidee, T . Marine Resource Surveys by Drift Gill Net in the Bay of Bengal. 2007
23. Pillai, P K Mahadevan and Balakrishnan, G and Philipose,Varughese and Rajendran, V (2000) Appraisal on the marine fishing craft and gear of the Indian coast. In: Marine Fisheries Research and Management. Pillai, V N and Menon, N G,(eds.) CMFRI; Kochi, Kochi, pp. 190-221
24. MSSRF, Season based fish calendar –(MSSRFINCOIS). 1997

Large mesh bottom set gill net, HDPE, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu