Technical Background and Principles for the Application of Solar Water Disinfection

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2016 by IJETT Journal
Volume-32 Number-5
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : Burhan Davarcioglu
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V32P249


Burhan Davarcioglu"Technical Background and Principles for the Application of Solar Water Disinfection", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V32(5),238-248 February 2016. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group

Conventional methods of drinking water disinfection, such as chemical treatment, heat pasteurization, and filtration, require facilities, materials, and fuel that may not be readily available or feasible to attain. An alternative treatment option is to utilize solar energy, which has been shown to inactivate pathogens through pasteurization and radiation effects. Over 30% of the population in developing countries is in need of access to safe drinking water. The lack of adequate drinking waters in developing countries is a continually growing problem due to population increases and increased demands on source waters. Therefore, water disinfection methods that are easily employed in developing countries are needed. The most recognized and established treatment is to boil the water to kill the microorganisms, such as bacteria and viruses, in the water. Solar disinfection is a water treatment method where a drinking water sample is exposed to solar radiation to inactivate pathogenic organisms. The type and shape of the container used for SODIS water treatment is important.


[1] R. Christine, Solar Disinfection of Drinking Water, M.S. thesis, Environmental Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester-Massachusetts, USA, 2003.
[2] V. Curtis, S. Cairncross, and R. Yonli, “Domestic hygiene and diarrhoea - pinpointing the problem”, Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 22- 32, 2000.
[3] R. Conroy, M. Elmore-Meegan, T. Joyce, K. McGuigan, and J. Barnes, “Solar disinfection of drinking water and diarrhoea in Maasai children: a controlled field trial”, Lancet, Vol. 348, No. 9043, pp. 1695-1697, 1996.
[4] R. E. Quick, L. V. Venczel, E. D. Mintz, L. Soleto, J. Aparicio, M. Gironaz, L. Hutwagner, K. Greene, C. Bopp, K. Maloney, D. Chavez, M. Sobsey, and R. V. Tauxe, “Diarrhoea prevention in Bolivia through point-of-use water treatment and safe storage: a promising new strategy”, Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 122, No. 1, pp. 83-90, 1999.
[5] R. Meierhofer, and W. Martin, Solar Water Disinfection: A Guide for the Application of SODIS, Dübendorf, London: Intermediate Technology Development Group Publishing, 2002.
[6] S. Kehoe, T. Joyce, P. Ibrahim, J. Gillespie, R. Shahar, and K. McGuigan, “Effect of agitation, turbidity, aluminum foil reflectors and container volume on the inactivation efficiency of batch-process solar disinfectors”, Water Research, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 1061-1065, 2001.
[7] K. G. McGuigan, R. M. Conroy, H-J. Mosler, M. du Preez, E. Ubomba-Jaswa, and P. Fernandez-Ibanez, “Solar water disinfection (SODIS): A review from bench-top to rooftop”, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 235-236, pp. 29-46, 2012.
[8] D. Schoenen, “Role of disinfection in suppressing the spread of pathogens with drinking water-possibilities and limitations”, Water Research, Vol. 36, No. 15, pp. 3874- 3888, 2002.
[9] A. S. Biryukov, V. F. Gavrikov, L. O. Nikiforova, and V. A. Shcheglov, “New physical methods of disinfection of water” Journal of Russian Laser Research, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp.13-25, 2005.
[10] K. Khleifat, M. Abboud, W. Al-Shamayleh, A. Jiries, and K. A. Tarawneh, “Effect of chlorination treatment on gram negative bacterial composition of recycled wastewater”, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 9, pp. 1660-1668, 2006.
[11] T. Clasen, S. Cairncross, L. Haller, J. Bartram, and D. Walker, “Cost-effectiveness of water quality interventions for preventing diarrhoeal disease in developing countries”, Journal Water Health, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 599-608, 2007.
[12] B. Davarcioglu, “Solar water disinfection considerations: Using ultraviolet light methods to make water safe to drink”, International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 8, pp. 253-264, 2015.
[13] K. Ellis, “Water disinfection: A review with some consideration of the requirements of the third world”, Critical Reviews in Environmental Control, Vol. 20, No. 5- 6, pp. 341-407, 1991.
[14] B. Davarcioglu, “An overview of the water disinfection with ultraviolet radiation nowadays: New approaches”, International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 7, pp. 577-587, 2015.
[15] J. Burch, and K. Thomas, “Water disinfection for developing countries and potential for solar thermal pasteurization”, Solar Energy, Vol. 64, No. 1-3, pp. 87-97, 1998.
[16] K. McGuigan, T. Joyce, R. Conroy, “Solar disinfection: use of sunlight to decontaminate drinking water in developing countries”, Journal of Medical Microbiology, Vol. 48, No.9, pp. 785-787, 1999.
[17] M. Wegelin, S. Canonica, K. Mechsner, T. Fleischmann, F. Pesaro, and A. Metzler, “Solar water disinfection: scope of the process and analysis of radiation experiments”, Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology-Aqua, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 154-169, 1994.
[18] S. Harley, B. Schuba, and D. Carkal, “Ultraviolet disinfection of private water supplies for household or agricultural use”, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Vol. TRE-125, No. 11, pp. 1-12, 2008.
[19]*B4- NYnRq4-Oezj3Cy-zrRkdWGvUln-2fVIbbNn-v3*0d*0HEibu59IiVmJKfiwj1TUCDkvvGLyLeHlPr/ Bookletonsafedri nkingwaterusingsimpletechn iques.pdf>. Looking for safe drinking water?-Techniques using free sunshine and rain, Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2011.
[20] C. Aristanti, “SODIS-Solar water disinfection: water quality improvement at household level with solar energy”, Boiling Point Paper, No. 53, pp. 30-31, 2007.
[21] R. W. Bergmann, R. Karger, H. Rotlich, V. Adam, E. Roth, R. Kryschi, W. Weibler, R. vanEsch, H-R. Gowor, R. Noack, S. Johne, and R. Rongen, “Ultraviolet disinfection in water treatment”, Figawa-Revised Version of Technical Report, No. 20/98, pp. 1-16, 2009.
[22] A. Acra, Z. Raffoul, Y. Karahagopian, Solar Disinfection of Drinking Water and Oral Rehydration Solutions: Guidelines for Household Application in Developing Countries, Department of Environmental Health, Beirut, 1984.
[23] R. Conroy, M. Elmore-Meegan, T. Joyce, K. McGuigan, and J. Barnes, “Solar disinfection of water reduces diarrhoeal disease: an update”, Archives Disease Childhood, Vol. 81, No. 4, pp. 337-338, 1999.

Disinfection, Treatment, Waterborne, Drinking water, Solar water disinfection (SODIS), Microorganisms.