Biodiesel Production from Roselle Oil Seeds and Determination the Optimum Reaction Conditions for the Transesterification Process
Nadir Balla Ahmed, Babiker Karama Abdalla, Ibrahim Hassan M. Elamin, Yasir Ibrahim Elawad"Biodiesel Production from Roselle Oil Seeds and Determination the Optimum Reaction Conditions for the Transesterification Process", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V39(2),105-111 September 2016. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
This study was performed to extract oil from Roselle seeds and to investigate the production of biodiesel fuel from crude Roselle oil by using alkali- catalyzed transesterification process. On the other hand, The process of alkali-catalyzed transesterification with methanol was carried out to examine the effects of reaction variables on the Roselle biodiesel yield percentage these variables included catalyst concentrations of 0.25–2.0% wt/wt of Roselle oil taken, oil to methanol molar ratios of 1:3–1:9, of oil, reaction temperatures of 30–75 o C, and reaction times of 20– 60 min. The Roselle oil extracted was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC), the optimum condition for produced Roselle biodiesel having been achieved at a catalyst concentration of 0.5% w/w of oil, a oil to methanol molar ratio of 1:3, a reaction temperature of 65 o C, and a reaction time of 40 min. At those conditions The Roselle biodiesel obtained analyzed and compared with international standards specifications ASTM found have a good specification.
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Roselle Seeds, Extraction, Triglycerides, Gas chromatography, Reaction conditions, Transesterification, Biodiesel.