Emission Analysis of C.I. Engine using Karanja oil and its blends

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2017 by IJETT Journal
Volume-43 Number-6
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Papade Chetan, Metkari Sandeep
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V43P255


Papade Chetan, Metkari Sandeep " Emission Analysis of C.I. Engine using Karanja oil and its blends ", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V43(6),328-332 January 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

This study investigates the feasibility of biodiesel as a petroleum diesel substitute. This paper presents the results of tests carried out on diesel engine run on biodiesel produced by transesterification of Karanja oil and its blends with petroleum diesel. Engine tests have been carried out with the aim of comparing emissions parameters such as CO, CO2¬, NOx, etc. For biodiesel mixtures CO emissions is lower than that of diesel fuel. As the amount of biodiesel in the blend increases, the amount of CO emission decreases. This variance is in the range of 8-10%. Blends up to B60 do not show any significant increase in the amount of CO¬2 i.e. only about 2% increase than that of diesel is observed. However, for B80 and B100 blends, 7% and 11% increase is observed respectively. This rise is observed due to more efficient combustion of fuel. The variation of NOx emissions for various blends with respect to load .The emissions increase for biodiesel than that of diesel. This increase is linear with the increase in biodiesel content in blend. Increase is 52-54% for B20 and B40, 60% for B60, 72% for B80 and 85% for B100. Considerable reduction in exhaust emissions, make blends of Karanja esterified oil a suitable alternative fuel for diesel engines without any engine modification and could help in facing the upcoming energy crisis and controlling air pollution.


[1] Murari Mohon Roy, “Performance and Emissions of a Diesel Engine Fueled by Diesel Biodiesel Blends with Special Attention to Exhaust Odor”, Canadian Journal on Mechanical Sciences and Engineering Vol. 2, No. 1, January 2011.
[2] D. Ramesh and A. Sampathrajan, “Investigations on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine with Jatropha Biodiesel and Its Blends”, Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Ejournal. Manuscript EE 07 013. Vol. X. March, 2008.
[3] R. K. Singh and Saswat Rath, “Performance Analysis of Blends of Karanja Methyl Ester in a Compression Ignition Engine”, 2011 International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology IPCBEE vol.11 (2011).
[4] N. Stalin and H. J. Prabhu, “Performance Test of IC Engine using Karanja Biodiesel Blending with Diesel”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences ISSN 1819-6608 Vol. 2, No. 5, October 2007.
[5] Md. Nurun Nabi, Md. Mustafizur Rahman and Md. Shamim Akhter, “Biodiesel from Cotton Seed Oil and its Eect on Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions”, Elsevier, Appliet Thermal Engineering 29 (2009) 2265-2270.
[6] Dutra L. M., Teixeira C. V., Colaço M. J., Alves L. S. B. and Leiroz A. J., “Comparative Analysis of Performance and Emissions of an Engine Operating with Palm Oil Methyl and Ethyl Esters and their Blends with Diesel”, Proceedings of COBEM 2009, 20th International Congress of Mechanical Engineering, Gramado, RS, Brazil, November 15-20, 2009.
[7] N. L. Panwar, Hemant Y. Shrirame, N. S. Rathore, Sudhakar Jindal and A. K. Kurchania, “Perormance Evaluation of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Methyl Ester of Castor Seed Oil”, Elsevier, Applied Thermal Engineering 30 (2010) 245-249.
[8] Magin Lapuerta, Octavio Armas and Jose Rodrigues-Fernandez, “Efect of Biodiesel Fuels on Diesel Engine Emissions”, Elsevier, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 34 (2008) 198-223.
[9] Huseyin Aydin and Hasan Bayindir, “Performance and Emission Analysis of Cottonseed Oil Methyl Ester in a Diesel Engine”, Elsevier, Renewable Energy 35 (2010) 588-592.

C.I.Engine, Biodiesel, Karajan, Fuel Efficiency Meter, Emission Analysis.