Treatment of Landfill Leachate: COD, BOD and TSS Removal in Padang Siding Perlis Using Bio-Electrochemical Process
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2017 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Issa Alabiad, Umi Fazara Md Ali, IrnisAzura Zakarya, Tijjani Adam
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V45P247|
Issa Alabiad, Umi Fazara Md Ali, IrnisAzura Zakarya, Tijjani Adam "Treatment of Landfill Leachate: COD, BOD and TSS Removal in Padang Siding Perlis Using Bio-Electrochemical Process", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V45(5),223-232 March 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
Landfill leachate is generally known as highstrength wastewater that is highly difficult to handle and contains extracted dissolved matter and suspended matter. This study presents the removal of the leachate components such as chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solid. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) were designed to treat landfill leachate; three anodes were tested in the MFC reactor: black carbon, activated carbon, and zinc electrodes. Movements in the MFC reactor during treatment were a key factor for testing. Thus, the system was operated in different modes: static and dynamic. Both modes showed a difference in the ammonia level of the three anodes used. This study compared the static and dynamic modes of the MFC in removing ammonia. The continuous reactor movement could increase the rate of ammonia component removal. The reactor also provided a viable condition for maximum removal. The reactor movement caused the sludge to disintegrate and enabled the ammonia to separate easily from the parent leachate. This paper presents the results of leachate treatment analysis from the solid waste landfill located in Padang Siding Landfill, Perlis. Ammonia removal was enhanced using different types of electrodes. In both modes, activated carbon provided better performance than black carbon and zinc. The percentages of leachate components removal for activated carbon zinc and black carbon with dynamic mode was generally higher over static mode. The final values of the ammonia, COD, BOD and TSS, were 13 mg/l (97.66% removal), 125 mg/l (96.45% removal), 249mg/l (77.98 % removal) and 106mg/l (42.20% removal) respectively.
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Leachate BOD, COD, TSS, Bioelectrochemical.