Industrial Waste Materials Application in Highway Construction
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2017 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Vana Bhanuprasad, Bonagiri Ganesh
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V47P280|
Vana Bhanuprasad, Bonagiri Ganesh "Industrial Waste Materials Application in Highway Construction", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V47(8),486-494 May 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
Present days’ Industrial waste material disposal is a major problem. These materials effect to environmental pollution in the nearby areas because many of them are non-biodegradable. India has a more number of industries located in different places of the country and many more are planned for the near future. Every year several million metric tons industrial wastes are produced in these establishments. In developing countries like India Transportation is most important requirement for economic and social development. The use of these materials in road making is based on technical, economic, and ecological criteria. The pollution and disposal problems may be partly reduced. Road construction is an activity in which natural resources are utilized the most in comparison with other branches of civil engineering. Large quantities of natural materials, gravel, clay, rocks and sand are built into kilometers of newly-built roads or in reconstruction of decrepit roads. At the same time, the sustainable development concept requires a more efficient management of waste materials and preservation of environment. This paper clearly describes various industrial waste materials are being used in the construction of highway. The waste materials are Pond ash and slag. Which are satisfying MORTH-5th Rev. specifications requirements. Usage of these waste materials in highway works not only saves the construction cost but also preserves the Environment from Air Pollution, Water pollution and Minimize the land utilization for the disposal of these materials. This observation has been made from sambalpur-Rourkela road project, (Odisha) SH-10. So, all these internal parameters have been adopted in this project which is required to long term durability considering cost & safe environment. Slag obtained from Radharaman, Bajarangibali unit-1, Odisha. Pond ash samples from Suresh product & Agrasen sponge, Odisha. The samples collected from the site are tested under third party NABL laboratory and routine testing carried out in house laboratory. Characterize the geotechnical properties of both Slag & Pond ash individually. Tests are conducted to obtain optimum moisture content (OMC), Maximum dry density (MDD) using modified proctor`s density test, Grain size distribution, Specific gravity ,direct shear test ,Field dry density test and CBR for finding out the suitability of subgrade material considering requirement of the IRC 37(2012) FOR EFFECTIVE CBR value as per MORTH 5th Revision Specifications and IS codes.
 Morth 5th Revision- section 300(For soil).
 Morth 5th Revision- section 2100(For Re wall).
 Ministry of Environment and Forests, Part-III-Section-3- Sub section-iii.
 Fly ash generation at coal/lignite based thermal power Stations and its utilization in the country for the 1st half of the year 2015-16.
 Virenda Kumar, (May, 2004), `Compaction and Permeability Study of pond ash`.Journal of The Institution Of Engineers (India), 85, pp 3135.
 Ashis Kumar Bera etal. (April, 2007), compaction Characteristics of pond ash,`Journal of materials in Civil Eng.`, 19(4), pp 349357.
 Sieve Analysis (IS 2720 Part-4, MORTH 4 & 5 Table 400-1).
 Liquid Limit/Plasticity Index (IS 2720 Part-5)Max. Dry density/Optimum Moisture content IS 2720 Part-7 & 8).
 Direct Shear Test (c & ? value) IS 2720 Part-13.
 Standard Penetration test (IS 2131).
 Soil Bearing Capacity (IS 6403).
 Specific gravity & water absorption (IS 2386 Part-3).
 California Bearing Ratio (CBR) (IS 2720 Part-16).
 Field Dry density (NDG) (ASTM D 6938).
 Free Swelling Index (IS 2720 Part-40).
 Pandian N. S. (2004) “Fly ash characterization with reference to geotechnical applications” J. of Ind Inst.Sci., Nov.–Dec. 2004, 84, 189–216.
 Indian Minerals Yearbook 2014 (Part- II: Metals & Alloys)53rd Edition SLAG-IRON AND STEEL.
 Soil mechanics and foundation Engineering. by B.C PUNMIA, ASHOK KUMAR JAIN.
Pond Ash, slag, Embankment, Subgrade, Power plant, Steel Plant, Rewall back filling, MORTH 5th Rev.