Design and Analysis of Machine Tool Spindle

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2017 by IJETT Journal
Volume-48 Number-7
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Satish Kumbar, Vikram birangane
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V48P267


Satish Kumbar, Vikram birangane "Design and Analysis of Machine Tool Spindle", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V48(7),387-392 June 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group

The power utilization capacity of machine tool spindles depends mainly on stiffness at tool point. It is known in machine tools for instance in machining centers the spindle system could alone account for about 30 to 40% of stiffness at cutting point between tool and work piece. Even though there are 2 or more bearings as a pack at each front or rear location even then an approximate or equivalent stiffness is given at front and rear locations. This is because it is not possible to compute shaft deformations supported on more than 2 supports on a shaft it is not represented further each bearing has a number of rolling elements like ball or roller around 15 to 20.It is possible to predict the stiffness of a bearing by computing hertizian contact stresses at each rolling element going through nonlinear procedure In view of above it is necessary to develop a simplified methodology for modeling spindle system with bearings in a machine tool spindles. The methodology should facilitate 3D modeling the bearing in a large machine tool mesh at the same time the methodology should ensure precise results.


[1] Joaquim de Ciurana, Guillem Quintana and Francisco Javier Campa, “Machine tools for high performance machining”,Machine tool spindles, 2009, 75-127, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-84800-380-4_3
[2] Dr.Sinan Badrawy, “Dynamic modelling and analysis of motorized milling spindles for optimizing the spindle cutting performance”, Engineering Manager Moore Nanotechnology Systems, LLC.
[3] Syath Abuthakeer.S, Mohanram.P.V, Mohan Kumar.G, “Dynamic characteristics analysis of high speed motorized spindle”, International journal of engineering, Vol 9,Pages 219-224, 2011
[4] Osamu Maeda, Yuzhong Cao, Yusuf Altintas, “Expert spindle design system” International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture 45 (2005) Pages537–548.
[5] Al-Shareef.K.J.H, Brandon. J.A, “Validity of several common assumptions in the design of machine tool spindle-bearing systems”, Vol 31, Issue 2, Pages 235–248, 1991.
[6] Momir Sarenac, “Stiffness of machine tool spindle as a main factor for treatment accuracy”, The scientific journal, Vol.1, No 6, Pages 665 – 674, 1999.
[7] Ertu rka. A, zgu vena. H.N. O, Budakb .E, “Analytical modeling of spindle–tool dynamics on machine tools using Timoshenko beam model and receptance coupling for the prediction of tool point FRF”, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture Vol 46 , Pages 1901–1912, 2006.
[8] Deping Liu, Hang Zhang, Zheng Tao and Yufeng Su, “Finite Element Analysis of High-Speed Motorized Spindle Based on ANSYS”, School of Mechanical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou1, China.
[9] Thitima Jintanawan, “Effects of distributed bearing forces and bearing locations on rocking vibration of FDB(Fluid dynamic bearings) spindle systems”, ASME Information Storage and Processing Systems Conference, 2005
[10] Sun-Min Kim, Kang-Jae Lee, Sun-Kyu, “Effect of bearing structure on high speed spindle bearing compliance”, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture Vol 42, Pages 365–373, February 2002.
[11] Rathour . A. N, Darji P. H, “Design, development and analysis of high speed spindle: a review” Department of Mechanical Engineering, C. U. Shah College of Engineering and Technology, Surendranagar, Gujarat.
[12] Machine tool design hand book by central machine tool institute, Bangalore.
[13] Ball and roller bearing engineering by palmgren.A, Third edition 1959, burkank and co,Philadelphia
[14] Luk, Y.W. and Mitchell, L.D, “System modeling and modification via modal analysis”, Proceedings of the first International Sem.

Burnishing,spindle, stiffness, bearing, shaft, deformations