Effect of Underground Metro on Historical Monuments in Delhi

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2017 by IJETT Journal
Volume-49 Number-3
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Kamal Kishore, Shivang Sharma, Kushwace Singh, Noval Kishore
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V49P224


Kamal Kishore, Shivang Sharma, Kushwace Singh, Noval Kishore "Effect of Underground Metro on Historical Monuments in Delhi", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V49(3),158-160 July 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group

Today, traffic induced vibration control is a frequently used concept for enhancing the living standard in residential apartments along railway lines. Vibrations generated by metro train running on underground tracks transfer through the ground into surrounding structures. These traffic induced vibrations usually cause no threat to the safety of the structures, but their undesirable impacts can significantly lower the quality of life and the working conditions of these structures. Traffic induced vibration in the buildings due to metro trains have been analyzed by using 1/3 octave analyzer. The results obtained were compared with Federal Transport Authority guidelines and its effects on nearby structure have been investigated. This study involved collection of vibration data for five historical monument located just above the metro tunnel on the corridor of Delhi Metro. It was concluded that the vibration level (VdB) at each location is well above the permissible level of vibration recommended by various standard authority. The maximum value out of five historical monuments found at Darya Ganj was 104.6 VdB.


[1] FTA Manual, “Transit noise and vibration impact assessment”, May-2006.
[2] Garg N and Sharma O, “Investigations on transportation induced ground vibrations” Proceedings of 20th International Congress on Acoustics, Sydney, Australia ICA 2010,pp.23-27.
[3] Vogiatzis, K., “ Protection of the cultural heritage from underground metro vibration and ground-borne noise in Athens centre: the case of the Kerameikos archaeological museum and Gazi cultural centre”, International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration, 17, 2012,pp. 59–72.
[4] Auersch, L.,Theoretical and experimental excitation force spectra for railway-induced ground vibration: vehicletrack- soil interaction, irregularities, and soil measurements, Vehicle System Dynamics, 48 (2), 235–261, 2010.
[5] Kouroussis, G., Verlinden, O., and Conti, C. “Efficiency of the viscous boundary for time domain simulation of railway ground vibration”, 17th International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV17), Cairo, Egypt, 2010.
[6] Basekar, P.,Vaghela, D.,Katakiya, M., “Impact Of Traffic Vibration On Heritage”, International Journal of Advanced Technology in Engineering and Science, 03, March 2015,pp. 6–15.
[7] Hunaidi, O., Traffic Vibrations in Buildings, National Research Council of Canada, No. 39, June 2000.
[8] Romero.A, Solis M, Galvin.P, “High-Speed Train Passage Effects In Buildings: Vibration Assessment And Isolation” Proceedings of 4th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Kos Island, Greece, 12–14 June 2013.
[9] George .P. W, “Rail System Noise and Vibration Control” proceedings of 20th of acoustics 2004, Gold Coast, Australia 3-5 November 2004,pp.1-10

Vibration, Metro rail, Monuments, Vibration decibel.